Bibliographie

Ando, T., Kasuga, K., Yajima, Y., Kataoka, H., Suzuki, A. 1996. Termination of sex pheromone production in mated females of the silkworm moth. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 31 : 207-218

Arnaud, L. 1999. La compétition spermatique chez les insectes : les stratégies d’assurance de la paternité et la préséance du sperme. Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement. 3 : 86-103

Arnqvist, G., Thornhill, R. 1998. Evolution and animal genitalia : patterns of phenotypic and genotypic variation and condition dependance of genital and non-genital morphology in water strider (Heteroptera : Gerridae : Insecta). Genetical Research 71 : 193-212

Ayre, G.L. 1985. Cold tolerance of Pseudaletia unipuncta and Peridroma saucia (Lepidoptera : Noctuidae). Canadian Entomologist 117 :1055-1060

Baker, R.R., Bellis, M.A. 1993. Human sperm competition : Ejaculate adjustment by males and the function of masturbation. Animal Behaviour 46 : 861-885

Barth, R.H., Lester, L.J. 1973. Neuro-hormonal control of sexual behavior in insects. Annual Review of Entomology 18 : 445-472

Birch, M.C., Poppy, G.M., Baker, T.C. 1990. Scents and eversible scent structures of male moths. Annual Review of Entomology 35 : 25-58

Bird, T.G., Raina, A.K., Hayes, D.K. 1991. Pheromone biosynthesis and mating inhibition factors in insects. Dans Naturally Occuring Pest Bioregulators . Hedin, P.A. (Ed.), Washington, D.C., American Chemical Society

Bjorksten, T., David, P., Pomiankowski, A., Fowler, K. 2000. Fluctuating asymmetry of sexual and nonsexual traits in stalk-eyed flies : a poor indicator of developmental stress and genetic quality. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 13 : 89-97

Bloch Qazi, M.C., Aprille, J.R., Lewis, S.M. 1998. Female role in sperm storage in the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum . Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A 120 : 641-647

Boggs, C.L. 1981. Selection pressures affecting male nutrient investment at mating in heliconine butterflies. Evolution 35 : 931-940

Boggs, C.L., Gilbert, L.E. 1979. Male contribution to egg production in butterflies : evidence for transfer of nutrients at mating. Science 206 : 83-84

Callahan, P.S., Chapin, J.B. 1960. Morphology of the reproductive systems and mating in two representative members of the family Noctuidae, Pseudaletia unipuncta and Peridroma margaritosa, with comparison to Heliothis zea . Annals of the Entomological Society of America 53 : 763-782

Cardé, R.T., Baker, T.C. 1984. Sexual communication with pheromones. Dans Chemical Ecology of Insects . Bell, W.J. et Cardé, R.T. (Eds.), Chapman et Hall, London, pp. 355-383

Chen, P.S., Stumm-Zollinger, E., Aigaki, T., Balmer, J., Bienz, M., Böhlen, P. 1988. A male accessory gland peptide that regulates reproductive behavior of female D. melanogaster . Cell 54 : 291-298.

Christensen, T.A., Itagaki, H., Teal, P.E.A., Jasensky, R.D., Tumlinson, J.H., Hildebrand, J.G. 1991. Innervation and neural regulation of the sex pheromone gland in female Heliothis moth. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 88 : 4971-4975

Christensen, T.A., Lehman, H.K., Teal, P.E.A., Itagaki, H., Tumlinson, J.H., Hildebrand, J.G. 1992. Diel changes in the presence and physiological actions of octopamine in the female sex-pheromone glands of heliothine moths. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 22 : 841-849

Cook, P.A. 1999. Sperm numbers and female fertility in the moth Plodia interpunctella (Hübner) (Lepidoptera : Pyralidae). Journal of Insect Behaviour 12 : 767-779

Cook, P.A., Gage, M.J.G. 1995. Effects of risk of sperm competition on the numbers of eupyrene and apyrene sperm ejaculated by the moth Plodia interpunctella (Lepidoptera : Pyralidae). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 36 : 261-268

Cusson, M., McNeil, J.N., 1989a. Involvement of juvenile hormone in regulation of sex pheromone release activities in a moth. Science 243 : 210-212

Cusson, M., McNeil, J.N. 1989b. Ovarian development in female armyworm moths, Pseudaletia unipuncta  : its relationship with pheromone release activities. Canadian Journal of Zoology 67 : 1380-1385

Cusson, M., McNeil, J.N., Tobe, S.S. 1990. In vitro biosynthesis of juvenile hormone by corpora allata of Pseudaletia unipuncta virgin females as a function of age, environmental conditions, calling behaviour and ovarian development. Journal of Insect Physiology. 36 : 139-146

Cusson, M., Tobe, S.S., McNeil, J.N. 1994a. Juvenile hormones : their role in the regulation of the pheromonal communication system of the armyworm moth, Pseudaletia unipuncta . Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 25 : 329-345

Cusson, M., Yu, C.G., Carruthers, K., Wyatt, G.R., Tobe, S.S., McNeil, J.N. 1994b. Regulation of vitellogenin production in armyworm moths, Pseudaletia unipuncta . Journal of Insect Physiology 40 : 129-136

David, P., Hingle, A., Greig, D., Rutherford, A., Pomiankowski, A., Fowler, K. 1998. Male sexual ornament size but not asymmetry reflects condition in stalk eyed flies. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 265 : 1-6

Debat, V., David, P. 2001. Mapping phenotypes : canalization, plasticity and developmental stability. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 16 : 555-561

Delisle, J., McNeil, J.N. 1987a. Calling behaviour and pheromone titre of the true armyworm Pseudaletia unipuncta (Haw.) (Lepidoptera : Noctuidae) under different temperature and photoperiodic conditions. Journal of Insect Physiology 33 : 315-324

Delisle, J., McNeil, J.N. 1987b. The combined effect of photoperiod and temperature on the calling behaviour of the true armyworm, Pseudaletia unipuncta . Physiological Entomology 12 : 157-164

Delisle, J., Bouchard, A. 1995. Male larval nutrition in Choristoneura rosaceana (Lepidoptera : Tortricidae) : an important factor in reproductive success. Oecologia 104 : 508-517

Delisle, J., Hardy, M. 1997. Male larval nutrition influences the reproductive success of both sexes of the Spruce Budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana (Lepidoptera : Tortricidae). Functional Ecology 11 :451-463

Delisle, J., Picimbon, J.-F., Simard, J. 1999. Physiological control of pheromone production in Choristoneura fumiferana and C. rosaceana. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 42 : 253-265

Delisle, J., Picimbon, J.-F., Simard, J. 2000. Regulation of pheromone inhibition in mated females of Choristoneura fumiferana and C. rosaceana. Journal of Insect Physiology 46 :913-921

Delisle, J., Simard, J. 2002. Factors involved in the post-copulatory neural inhibition of pheromone production in Choristoneura fumiferana and C. rosaceana females. Journal of Insect Physiology 48 : 181-188

Delisle, J., Simard, J. 2003. Age-related changes in the competency of the pheromone gland and the pheromonotropic activity of the brain of both virgin and mated females of two Choristoneura species. Journal of Insect Physiology 49 : 91-97

Dewsbury, D.A. 1982. Ejaculate cost and male choice. American Naturalist 119 : 601-610

Ding, Z.B. 1997. Studies on ovary development, vitellogenesis and their hormonal regulation in Helicoverpa armigera. MS. thesis, Institute of Zoology Academia Sinica, Beijing, China, 71p.

Drummond, BA III. 1984. Multiple mating and sperm competition in the Lepidoptera. Dans Sperm competition and the evolution of animal mating systems . Smith, R.L. (ed). Academic Press, New York

Eberhard, W.G. 1991. Copulatory courtship and cryptic female choice in insects. Biological Review 66 : 1-31

Eggert, A.K., Sakaluk, S.K. 1994. Fluctuating asymmetry and variation in the size of courtship food gifts in decorated crickets. American Naturalist 144 : 708-716

Engqvist, L., Sauer, K.P. 2001. Strategic male mating effort and cryptic male choice in a scorpionfly. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 268 : 729-735

Engqvist, L., Sauer, K.P. 2002. A life-history perspective on strategic mating effort in male scorpionflies. Behavioral Ecology 13 : 632-636

Fabriás, G., Jurenka, R.A., Roelofs, W.L. 1992. Stimulation of sex pheromone production by proteinaceous extracts of the bursa copulatrix in the redbanded leafroller moth. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 20 : 75-86

Fan, Y., Rafaeli, A., Gileadi, C., Kubli, E., Applebaum, S.W. 1999a. Drosophila melanogaster sex peptide stimulates juvenile hormone synthesis and depresses sex pheromone production in Helicoverpa armigera . Journal of Insect Physiology 45 : 127-133

Fan, Y., Rafaeli, A., Gileadi, C., Applebaum, S.W. 1999b. Juvenile hormone induction of pheromone gland PBAN-responsiveness in Helicoverpa armigera females. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 29 : 635-641

Fields, P.G., McNeil, J.N. 1984. The overwintering potential of true armyworm, Pseudaletia unipuncta (Lepidoptera : Noctuidae), populations in Quebec. Canadian Entomologist 116 : 1647-1652

Fitzpatrick, S.M., McNeil, J.N. 1988. Male scent in lepidopteran communication : the role of male pheromone in mating behaviour of Pseudaletia unipuncta (Haw.) (Lepidoptera : Noctuidae). Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada 146 : 31-151

Fitzpatrick, S.M., McNeil, J.N., Miller, D. 1989. Age-specific titer and antennal perception of acetic acid, a component of male Pseudaletia unipuncta (Haw.) hairpencil secretion. Journal of Chemical Ecology 15 : 641-648

Foster, S.P. 1993. Neural inactivation of sex pheromone production in mated lightbrown apple moths, Epiphyas postvittana (Walker). Journal of Insect Physiology 39 : 267-273

Foster, S.P., Roelofs, W.L. 1994. Regulation of pheromone production in virgin and mated females of two tortricid moths. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 25 : 271-285

Gadenne, C. 1993. Effects of fenoxycarb, juvenile hormone mimetic, on female sexual behaviour of the black cutworm, Agrotis ipsilon (Lepidoptera : Noctuidae). Journal of Insect Physiology 39 : 25-29

Gadenne, C., Renou, M., Streng, L. 1993. Hormonal control of pheromone responsiveness in the male black cutworm Agrotis ipsilon . Experientia 49 : 721-724

Gage, M.J.G. 1991. Risk of sperm competition directly affects ejaculate size in the Mediterranean fruit fly. Animal Behaviour 42 : 1036-1037

Gage, M.J.G. 1994. Associations between body size, mating pattern, testes size and sperm lengths across butterflies. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 25 : 247-254

Gage, M.J.G. 1998. Influences of sex, size and symmetry on ejaculate expenditure in a moth. Behavioral Ecology 9 : 592-597

Gage, M.J.G., Cook, P.A. 1994. Sperm size or numbers? Effects of nutritional stress upon eupyrene and apyrene sperm production strategies in the moth Plodia interpunctella (Lepidoptera : Pyralidae). Functional Ecology 8 :594-599

Gage, M.J.G., Barnard, C.J. 1996. Male crickets increase sperm number in relation to competition and female size. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 38 : 349-353

Giebultowicz, J.M., Raina, A.K., Uebel, E.C., Ridgway, R.L. 1991. Two-step regulation of sex-pheromone decline in mated gyspy moth females. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 16 : 95-105

Gilbert, N. 1984. Control of fecundity in Pieris rapae . I. The problem. Journal of Animal Ecology 53 : 581-588

Gwynne, D.T. 1997. Les offrandes nuptiales des insectes. Pour la Science 240 : 90-95

He, Y., Tanaka, T., Miyata, T. 1995. Eupyrene and apyrene sperm and their numerical fluctuations inside the female reproductive tract of the armyworm, Pseudaletia separata . Journal of Insect Physiology 41 : 689-694

Hollander, A.L., Yin, C.-M. 1985. Lack of humoral control in calling and pheromone release by brain, corpora cardiaca, corpora allata and ovaries of the female gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar . Journal of Insect Physiology 31 : 159-163

Iglesias, F., Marco, M.-P., Jacquin-Joly, E., Camps, F., Fabrias, G. 1998. Regulation of sex pheromone biosynthesis in two noctuids species, S. littoralis and M. brassicae, may involve both PBAN and the ventral nerve cord. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 37 : 295-304

Jacquin, E., Jurenka, R.A., Ljungberg, H., Nagnan, P., Löfstedt, C., Descoins, C., Roelofs, W.L. 1994. Control of sex pheromone biosynthesis in the moth Mamestra brassicae by the pheromone biosynthesis activating neuropeptide. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 24 : 203-211

Jin, Z.-Y., Gong, H. 2001. Male accessory gland derived factors can stimulate oogenesis and enhance oviposition in Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera : Noctuidae). Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 46 :175-185

Jones, R.E., Hart, J.R., Bull, G.D. 1982. Temperature, size and egg production in the cabbage butterfly, Pieris rapae L. Australian Journal of Zoology 30 : 223-232

Jurenka, R.A., Fabriás, G., Roelofs, W.L. 1991. Hormonal control of female sex pheromone biosynthesis in the redbanded leafroller moth, Argyrotaenia velutinana . Insect Biochemistry 21 : 81-89

Jurenka, R.A., Fabriás, G., Ramaswamy, S., Roelofs, W.L. 1993. Control of pheromone biosynthesis in mated redbanded leafroller moths. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 24 :129-137

Jurenka, R.A., Fabriás, G., DeVoe, L., Roelofs, W.L. 1994. Action of PBAN and related peptides on pheromone glands of the redbanded leafroller moth, Argyrotaenia velutinana . Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. 108C   153-160

Karlsson, B. 1995. Resource allocation and mating systems in butterflies. Evolution 49 : 955-961

Karlsson, B. 1996. Male reproductive reserves in relation to mating system in butterflies : a comparative study. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 263 : 187-192

Katsuno, S. 1977. Studies on eupyrene and apyrene spermatozoa in the silkworm, Bombyx mori L. (Lepidoptera : Bombycidae) IV. The behaviour of the spermatozoa in the internal reproductive organs of female adults. Applied Entomology and Zoology 12 : 352-359

Katsuno, S. 1978. Studies on eupyrene and apyrene spermatozoa in the silkworm, Bombyx mori L. (Lepidoptera : Bombycidae) VII. The motility of sperm bundles and spermatozoa in the internal organs of males and females. Applied Entomology and Zoology 13 : 91-96

Kingan, T.G., Blackburn, M.B., Raina, A.K. 1992. The distribution of pheromone-biosynthesis-activating-neuropeptide (PBAN) immunoreactivity in the central nervous system of the corn earworm moth, Helicoverpa zea . Cell Tissue Research 270 : 229-240

Kingan, T.G., Thomas-Laemont, P.A., Raina, A.K. 1993. Male accessory gland factors elicit change from « virgin » to « mated » behaviour in the female corn earworm moth, Helicoverpa zea. Journal of Experimental Biology 183 : 61-76

Kingan, T.G., Bodnar, W.M., Raina, A.K., Shabanowitz, J., Hunt, D.F. 1995. The loss of female sex pheromone after mating in the corn earworm moth Helicoverpa zea  : identification of a male pheromonostatic peptide. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 92 : 5082-5086

LaMunyon, C.W., Huffman, T.S. 2001. Determinants of sperm transfer by males of the noctuid moth Heliothis virescens . Journal of Insect Behavior 14 : 187-199

Leung, B., Forbes, M.R., Houle, D. 2000. Fluctuating asymmetry as a bioindicator of stress : comparing efficacy of analysis involving multiple traits. American Naturalist 155 : 101-115

Lewis, S.M., Iannini, J. 1995. Fitness consequences of differences in male mating behaviour in relation to female reproductive status in flour beetle. Animal Behaviour 50 : 1157-1160

Liggett, A.C., Harvey, I.F., Manning, J.T. 1993. Fluctuating asymmetry in Scatophaga stercoraria L. : successful males are more symmetrical. Animal Behaviour 45 : 1041-1043

Loeb, M.J., Brandt, E.P., Birnbaum, M.J. 1984. Ecdysteroid production by the testes of the tobacco budworm, Heliothis virescens , from last larval instar to adult. Journal of Insect Physiology 30 : 375-381

Ma, P.W.K., Roelofs, W.L. 1995. Sites of synthesis and release of PBAN-like factor in the female european corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis . Journal of Insect Physiology 41 : 339-350

Marcotte, M., Delisle, J., McNeil, J.N. 2003. Pheromonostasis is not directly associated with post-mating sperm dynamics in Choristoneura fumiferana and C. rosaceana females. Journal of Insect Physiology 49 : 81-90

Marshall, L. 1990. Intraspecific variation in reproductive effort of female Parapediasia teterrella (Lepidoptera : Pyralidae) and its relation to body size. Canadian Journal of Zoology 68 : 44-48

McNeil, J.N. 1986. The true armyworm, Pseudaletia unipuncta (Haw.) (Lepidoptera : Noctuidae) : a possible migrant species. Dans The movement and dispersal of agriculturally important biotic agents . MacKenzie, D.R., Barfield, C.S., Kennedy, G.G., Berger, R.D. (Eds.). Claitor’s Publishing Division, Baton Rouge, LA, pp. 491-499

McNeil, J.N. 1987. The true armyworm, Pseudaletia unipuncta  : a victim of the pied piper or a seasonal migrant? Insect Science and its Application 8 : 591-597

McNeil, J.N. 1991. Behavioral ecology of pheromone-mediated communication in the use of pheromone traps. Annual Review of Entomology 36 : 407-430

McNeil, J.N. 1992. Evolutionary perspectives and insect pest control : an attractive blend for the deployment of semiochemicals in management programs. Dans Insect Chemical Ecology : an Evolutionary Approach . Roitberg, B.D., Isman, M.B. (Eds.). Chapman and Hall, New York, pp. 334-351

McNeil, J.N., Cusson, M., Delisle, J., Tobe, S.S. 1994. Hormonal control of sexual behaviour in moths that migrate in response to predictable or unpredictable habitat deterioration. Dans Perspectives in Comparative Endocrinology . Davey, K.G., Peter, R.E., Tobe, S.S. (Eds). Ottawa : National Research Council of Canada, pp. 464-468

McNeil, J.N., Cusson, M., Orchard, J., Tobe, I. 1995. Physiological integration of migration in Lepidoptera. Dans Migration : Physical factors and Physiological Mechanisms . Drake, V.A., Gathehouse, A.G. (Eds.), Cambridge University Press, New-York, USA, pp. 279-302

McNeil, J.N., Laforge, M., Bédard, C., Cusson, M. 1996. Juvenile hormone production and sexual maturation in true armyworm, Pseudaletia unipuncta (Haw.) (Lepidoptera : Noctuidae) : A comparison of migratory and non-migratory populations. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 32 :575-584

McNeil, J.N., Miller, D., Laforge, M., Cusson, M. 2000. The biosynthesis of juvenile hormone, its degradation and titres in females of the true armyworm : a comparison of migratory and non-migratory populations. Physiological Entomology 25 :103-111

McNeil, J.N., Tobe, S.S. 2001. Flights of fancy : possible roles of allatostatin and allatotropin in migration and reproductive success of Pseudaletia unipuncta . Peptides 22 : 271-277

Møller, A.P. 1988. Testes size ejaculate quality and sperm competition in birds. Biological Journal of the Linnean society 33 : 273-284

Møller, A.P. 1990. Fluctuating asymmetry in male sexual ornaments may reliably reveal male quality. Animal behaviour 40 : 1185-1187

Møller, A.P. 1992. Female swallows preference for symmetrical male ornaments. Nature (Lond.) 357 : 238-240

Møller, A.P. 1996. Sexual selection, viability selection, and developmental stability in the domestic fly Musca domestica . Evolution 50 : 746-752

Oberhauser, K.S. 1988. Male monarch butterfly spermatophore mass and mating strategies. Animal behaviour 36 : 1384-1388

Oberhauser, K.S. 1989. Effects of spermatophores on male and female monarch butterfly reproductive success. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 25 : 237-246

Oberlander, H., Sower, L., Silhacek, D.L. 1975. Mating behavior of Plodia interpunctella reared on juvenile hormone-treated diet. Journal of Insect Physiology 21 : 681-685

Palmer, A.R. 1994. Fluctuating asymmetry analyses : a primer. Dans Developmental instability : its origins and evolutionary implications . Markow, T. (Ed.), Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp. 355-364

Palmer, A.R., Strobeck, C. 1986. Fluctuating asymmetry : measurement, analysis, patterns. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 17 : 391-421

Park, Y.I., Ramaswamy, S.B. 1998. Role of brain, ventral nerve cord and corpora cardiaca-corpora allata complex in the reproductive behavior of female tobacco budworm (Lepidoptera : Noctuidae). Annual Entomological Society of America 91 : 329-334

Park, Y.I., Shu, S., Ramaswamy, S.B., Srinivasan, A. 1998. Mating in Heliothis virescens : Transfer of juvenile hormone during copulation by male to female and stimulation of biosynthesis of endogenous juvenile hormone. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 38 : 100-107

Parker, G.A. 1970. Sperm competition and its evolutionary consequences in the insects. Biological Reviews 45 : 525-567

Parker, G.A. 1990. Sperm competition games : raffles and roles. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 242 : 120-126

Parker, G.A., Ball, M.A., Stockley, P., Gage, M.J.G. 1996. Sperm competition games : individual assessment of sperm competition intensity by group spawners. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 263 : 1291-1297

Parker, G.A., Ball, M.A., Stockley, P., Gage, M.J.G. 1997. Sperm competition games : a prospective analysis of risk assessment. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 264 : 1793-1802

Picimbon, J.-F., Becard, J.-M., Sreng, L., Clement, J.-L., Gadenne, C. 1995. Juvenile hormone stimulates pheromonotropic brain factor release in the female black cutworm, Agrotis ipsilon . Journal of Insect Physiology 41 : 377-382

Pivnick, K.A., McNeil, J.N. 1987. Puddling in butterflies : sodium affects reproductive success in Thymelicus linecola . Physiological Entomology 12 : 461-472

Polak, M., Trivers, R. 1994. The science of symmetry in biology. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 9: 122-124

Proshold, F.I. 1995. Remating by gypsy moths (Lepidoptera : Lymantriidae) mated with F1-sterile males as a function of sperm within the spermatheca. Journal of Economic Entomology 88 : 644-648

Proshold, F.I., Bernon, G.L. 1994. Multiple mating in laboratory-reared gypsy moths (Lepidoptera : Lymantriidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 87 : 661-666

Rafaeli, A., Gileadi, C. 1999. Inhibition of pheromone biosynthesis and mating in the stored product moth, Plodia interpunctella . Dans “Proceedings of the 7th International Working Conference on Stored Product Protection, Beijing, China,” pp. 1269-1274

Raina, A.K. 1989. Male-induced termination of sex pheromone production and receptivity in mated females of Heliothis zea . Journal of Insect Physiology 35 : 821-826

Raina, A.K. 1993. Neuroendocrine control of sex pheromone biosynthesis in Lepidoptera. Annual Review of Entomology 38 : 329-349

Raina, A.K., Klun, J.A. 1984. Brain factor control of sex pheromone production in the female corn earworm moth. Science 225 : 531-533

Raina, A.K., Klain, J.H., Ridgway, R.L., Hayes, D.K. 1987. Characteristics of a neurohormone that controls sex pheromone production in Heliothis zea . Journal of Insect Physiology 33 : 809-814

Raina, A.K., Jaffe, H., Kempe, T.G., Keim, P., Blacher, R.W., Fales, H.M., Riley, C.T., Klun, J.A., Ridgway, R.L., Hayes, D.K. 1989. Identification of a neuropeptide hormone that regulates sex pheromone production in female moths. Science 244, 796-798

Raina, A.K., Kempe, T.G., Jaffe, H. 1991. Pheromone biosynthesis activating neuropeptide, regulation of pheromone production in moths. Dans Insect neuropeptides : chemistry, biology and action . Menn, J.J., Kelly, T.J., Masler, E.P. (Eds). Washington, DC, American Chemical Society, pp. 100-109

Raina, A.K., Kingan, T.G., Giebultowicz, J.M. 1994. Mating-induced loss of sex pheromone and sexual receptivity in insects with emphasis on Helicoverpa zea and Lymantria dispar . Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 25 : 317-327

Raina, A.K., Rafaeli, A. 1995. PBAN : what all do we know. Dans Molecular Mechanisms of Insect Metamorphosis and Diapause. Matsumoto, S., Suzuki, A. (Eds). Industrial Publishing and Consulting, Inc, Tokyo, Japan, pp. 151-160

Ramaswamy, S.B., Mbata, G.N., Cohen, N.E. 1990. Necessity of juvenile hormone for choriogenesis in the moth, Heliothis virescens (Noctuidae). Invertebrate Reproduction and Development 17 : 27

Ramaswamy, S.B., Cohen, N.E. 1992. Ecdysone : an inhibitor of receptivity in the moth, Heliothis virescens ? Naturwissenschaften 79 : 29-31

Ramaswamy, S.B, Mbata, G.N., Cohen, N.E., Moore, A., Cox, N.M. 1994. Pheromonotropic and pheromonostatic activity in moths. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 25 : 301-315

Ramaswamy, S.B., Jurenka, R.A., Linn, C.E., Roelofs, W.L. 1995. Evidence for the presence of a pheromonotropic factor in hemolymph and regulation of sex pheromone production in Helicoverpa zea . Journal of Insect Physiology 41 : 501-508

Ramaswamy, S.B., Qiu, Y., Park, Y.I., 1996. Neuronal control of post-coital pheromone production in the moth Heliothis virescens . The Journal of Experimental Zoology 274 : 255-263

Ramaswamy, S.R., Shu, S., Park, Y.I., Zeng, F. 1997. Dynamics of juvenile hormone-mediated gonadotropism in the Lepidoptera. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 35 : 539-558

Reinhold, K., Kurtz, J., Engqvist, L. 2002. Cryptic male choice : sperm allocation strategies when female quality varies. Journal of Evolutive Biology 15 : 201-209

Royer, L., McNeil, J.N. 1993. Male investment in the european corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis (Lepidoptera : Pyralidae) : impact on female longevity and reproductive performance. Functional Ecology 7 : 209-215

Rutowski, R.L. 1982. Mate choice and lepidopteran mating behavior. The Florida Entomologist 65 : 72-82

Rutowski, R.L., Gilchrist, G.W., Terkanian, B. 1987. Female butterflies mated with recently mated males show reduced reproductive output. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 20 : 319-322

Santosh-Babu, P.B., Prabhu, K.K. 1987. Oviposition-inducing and mating-inhibiting factor in the male accessory glands of Opisinia arenosella Walker (Lepidoptera : Cryptophasidae). Current Science 56 : 967

Sasaki, M., Riddiford, L.M., Truman, J.W., Moore, J. 1983. Reevaluation of the role of corpora cardiaca in calling and oviposition behaviour of giant silk moths. Journal of Insect Physiology 29 : 695-705

Satyanarayana, K., Yu, J.H., Bhaskaran, G., Dahm, K.H., Meola, R. 1991. Hormonal control of egg maturation in the corn earworm Heliothis zea . Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 59 : 135-143

Satyanarayana, K., Yu., J.H., Bhaskaran, G., Dahm, K.H., Meola, R. 1992. Regulation of vitellogenin synthesis by juvenile hormone in the corn earworm, Helicoverpa zea. Invertebrate Reprodution and Development 21 : 169-178

Schlaepfer, M.A., McNeil, J.N. 2000. Are virgin male lepidopterans more successful in mate acquisition than previously mated individuals? A study of the European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis (Lepidoptera : Pyralidae). Canadian Journal of Zoology 78 : 2045-2050.

Shirk, P.D., Bhaskaran, G., Röller, H. 1980. The transfer of juvenile hormone from male to female during mating in the Cecropia silkmoth. Experientia 36 : 682-683

Shu, S., Park, Y.I., Ramaswamy, S.B., Srinivasan, A. 1998. Temporal profiles of juvenile hormone titers and egg production in virgin and mated females of Heliothis virescens (Noctuidae). Journal of Insect Physiology 44 : 1111-1117

Silberglied, R.E., Shepherd, J.G., Dickinson, J.L., 1984. Eunuchs : The role of apyrene sperm in Lepidoptera? American Naturalist 123 : 255-265

Simmons, L.W. 1995. Correlates of male quality in the field cricket, Gryllus campestris L. : age, size, and symmetry determine pairing success in field populations. Behavioral Ecology 6 : 376-381

Smith A. F., Schal, C. 1990. The physiological basis for the termination of calling in the female brown-banded cockroach, Supella longipalpa (F.). Journal of Insect Physiology 36: 369–373

Sugawara, T. 1979. Stretch receptors in bursa copulatrix of the butterfly, Pieris rapae crucivora , and its role in behaviour. Journal of Comparative Physiology 130 : 191-199

Suzuki, Y. 1979. Mating frequency in females of the small cabage white, Pieris rapae crucivora Boisduval (Lepidoptera : Pieridae). Kontyu 45 : 300-313

Suzuki, N., Okuda, T., Shinbo, H. 1996. Sperm precedence and sperm movement under different copulation intervals in the silkworm, Bombyx mori . Journal of Insect Physiology 42 : 199-204

Svärd, L. 1985. Paternal investment in a monandrous butterfly, Pararge aegeria . Oikos 45 : 66-70

Svärd, L., Wiklund, C. 1986. Different ejaculate delivery strategies in first vs subsequent matings in the swallowtail butterfly Papilio machaon L.. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 18 : 325-330

Svärd, L., Wiklund, C. 1988. Fecundity, egg weight, and longevity in relation to multiple matings in the swallowtail butterfly Papilio Machaon L.. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 23 : 39-43

Svärd, L., Wiklund, C. 1989. Mass and production rate of ejaculates in relation to monandry/polyandry in butterflies. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 24 : 395-402

Svärd, L., Wiklund, C. 1991. The effects of ejaculate mass on female reproductive output in the European swallowtail butterfly, Papilio machaon (L.) (Lepidoptera : Papilionidae). Journal of Insect Behavior 4 : 33-41

Svärd, L., McNeil, J.N. 1994. Female benefit, male risk : polyandry in the true armyworm, Pseudaletia unipuncta . Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 35 : 319-326

Swaddle, J.P., Witter, M.S., Cuthill, I.C. 1994. The analysis of fluctuating asymmetry. Animal Behaviour 48 : 986-989

Tang, J.D., Charlton, R.E., Cardé, R.T., Yin, C.-M. 1987. Effect of allatectomy and ventral nerve cord transection on calling, pheromone emission and pheromone production in Lymantria dispar . Journal of Insect Physiology 33 : 469-476

Tavares, J. 1989. Mythimna unipuncta Haworth (Lep. Noctuidae) aux Açores. Bioécologie et lutte biologique. Ph. D. Thèse, Université d’Aix-Marseille

Teal, P.E.A., Tumlinson, J.H., Oberlander, H. 1989. Neural regulation of sex pheromone biosynthesis in Heliothis moths. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 86 : 2488-2492

Teal, P.E.A., Tumlinson, J.H., Oberlander, H. 1990. Endogenous suppression of pheromone production in virgin female moths. Experientia 46 : 1047-1050

Thornhill, R. 1979. Male and female sexual selection and the evolution of mating strategies in insects. Dans Sexual Selection and Reproductive Competition in Insects . Blum, M.S. and Blum, N.A. (Eds). N.Y., Academic Press

Thornhill, R. 1992a. Female preference for the pheromone of males with low fluctuating asymmetry in the Japanese scorpionfly ( Panorpa japonica : Mecoptera). Behavioral Ecology 3 : 277-283

Thornhill, R. 1992b. Fluctuating asymmetry and the mating system of the Japanese scorpionfly Panorpa japonica . Animal Behaviour 44 : 867-879

Thornhill, R., Sauer, P. 1992. Genetic sire effects on the fighting ability of sons and daughters and mating success of sons in a scorpionfly. Animal Behaviour 43 : 255-264

Trivers, R.L. 1972. Parental investment and sexual selection. Dans Sexual Selection and the Descent of Man . Campbell, B. (ed.), Aldine, Chigaco, pp.1871-1971

Truesdell, P.F., Koladich, P.M., Kataoka, H., Kojima, K., Suzuki, A., McNeil, J.N., Mizoguchi, A., Tobe, S.S., Bendena, W.G. 2000. Molecular characterisation of a cDNA from the true armyworm, Pseudaletia unipuncta encoding Manduca sexta allatotropin peptide. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 30 : 691-702

Tumlinson, J.H. 1988. Contemporary frontiers in insect semiochemical research. Journal of Chemical Ecology 14 : 2109-2130

Turgeon, J.J., McNeil. J.N. 1983. Modifications of the calling behaviour of Pseudaletia unipuncta . Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 31 : 1015-1022

Turgeon, J.J., McNeil, J.N., Roelofs, W.L. 1983. Responsiveness of Pseudaletia unipuncta males to the female sex pheromone. Physiological Entomology 8 : 339-344

Van Valen, L. 1962. A study of fluctuating asymmetry. Evolution 16 : 125-142

Vieira, V., Pintureau, B., Tavares, J., McNeil, J.N. Differentiation and gene flow among island and mainland populations of the true armyworm, Pseudaletia unipuncta (Haworth) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Canadian Journal of Zoology, sous presse

Ward, P.I. 1993. Females influence sperm storage and use in the yellow dung fly Scatophaga stercoraria (L.). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 32 : 313-319

Webster, R.P., Cardé, R.T. 1984. The effects of mating, exogenous juvenile hormone and a juvenile hormone analogue on pheromone titre, calling and oviposition in the omnivorous leafroller moth ( Platynota stultana ). Journal of Insect Physiology 30 : 113-118

Wedell, N., Cook, P.A. 1999a. Butterflies tailor their ejaculate in response to sperm competition risk and intensity. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 266 : 1033-1039

Wedell, N., Cook, P.A. 1999b. Strategic sperm allocation in the small white butterfly, Pieris rapae (Lepidoptera : Pieridae). Functional Ecology 13 : 85-93

White, L.D., Proshold, F., Holt, G.G., Mantey, K.D., Hutt, R.B. 1975. Codling moths mating and sperm transfer in females paired with irradiated and unirradiated males. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 68 : 859-862

Wiklund, C., Karlsson, B. 1988. Sexual size dimorphism in relation to fecundity in some Swedish satyrid butterflies. American Naturalist 131 : 132-138

Wiklund, C., Forsberg, J. 1991. Sexual size dimorphism in relation to female polygamy and protandry in butterflies : a comparative study of Swedish Pieridae and Satyridae. Oikos 60 : 373-381

Wiklund, C., Kaitala, A. 1995. Sexual selection for large male size in a polyandrous butterfly : the effect of body size on male versus female reproductive success in Pieris napi . Behavioral Ecology 6 : 6-13

Zeng, F., Shu, S., Park, Y.I., Ramaswamy, S.B. 1997. Vitellogenin and egg production in the moth, Heliothis virescens . Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 34 : 287-300