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ABDEL-GADIR Y.A. ET KRAHMER R.L. 1993a. Estimating the age of demarcation of juvenile and mature wood in Douglas-fir. Wood Fiber Sci. 25(3):242-249.

ABDEL-GADIR Y.A. ET KRAHMER R.L. 1993b. Genetic variation in the age of demarcation between juvenile and mature wood in Douglas-fir. Wood Fiber Sci. 25(4): 384-394.

ACKERMANN F. 1995. The relationship between forest site and intra-ring wood density factors for Quercus robur in SW France. Ann. For. Sci. 52(6):635-652.

ALAZARD P. 1994. Stand density and spacing of Pinus pinaster: consequences for growth and tree quality. Afocel Armef No 2: 129-144.

ALTEYRAC J., ZHANG S.Y., CLOUTIER A. ET RUEL J.C. 2005. Influence of stand density on ring width and wood density at different sampling heights in black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) B.S.P.). Wood Fiber Sci. 37(1):83-94.

ANTAL M. ET MICKO M.M. 1994. Variation and field estimation of wood quality parameters for black spruce. Holzforsch. Holzverw. 46(4):70-72.

ARCHIBALD D.J. ET BOWLING C. 1995. Jack pine density management diagram for boreal Ontario. NEST TN-005 (NWST TN-31). Ontario Min. Nat. Res., Northeast and Northwest Science & Technology. 19pp.

AREVALO R. 2002. Influence des composantes secondaires et de la structure anatomique sur les propriétés physico-mécaniques du bois d'Acajou. Thèse de doctorat Université Laval, Québec. 146pp.

ARNEY J.D. 1973. Tables for quantifying competitive stress on individual trees. Canadian Forestry Service. Pacific Forest Research Center. Victoria, B. C. Information Report BC-X-78. 45p.

BABOS K. 1973. Comparative anatomical investigation on pine wood from different sites (II). Holztechnologie 14(4): 203-207.

BAMBER R.K. ET BURLEY J. 1983. The wood properties of radiata pine. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureau; Slough; UK. pp.

BAO F.C., JIANG Z.H., LU X.X., LUO X.Q. ET ZHANG S.Y. 2001. Differences in wood properties between juvenile wood and mature wood in 10 species grown in China. Wood Sci. Technol. 35: 363-375.

BARBOUR R.J. 1987. A preliminary study of the wood properties of fast-grown black spruce, picea mariana, from Quebec. Canadian Forest Service No. 33. 174p.

BARBOUR R.J. 1991. Evaluating the influence of spacing and thinning on wood quality. Space to grow: spacing and thinning in northern Ontario, Symposium Forestry Canada Water Tower Inn, Sault Ste Marie, Ontario. 18-20 Juin 1990. pp 158-162.

BARBOUR R.J., CHAURET G., COOK J., KARSH M.B. ET RAN S. 1994. Breast-height relative density and radial growth in mature jack pine (Pinus banksiana) for 38 years after thinning. Can. J. For. Res. 24:2439-2447.

BARBOUR R.J., JOHNSON J. ET AMUNDSON C. 1996. Modeling intraring x-ray density profiles. Proceedings, second workshop: Connection between silviculture and wood quality through modelling approaches and simulation software, Berg-en-Dal, Kruger National Park, South Africa, August 26-31, 1996. 123-130; Workshop 1996 IUFRO S5.01-04- Topic 3.

BARBOUR R.J., SABOURIN D. ET CHIU E. 1989. Evaluation of basic wood properties of black spruce from Quebec part II. Canadian Forest Service No. 31, Forintek Canada Corp. Ottawa, Ontario. 36 pp.

BARNETT J.R. ET BONHAM V.A. 2004. Cellulose microfibril angle in the cell wall of wood fibres. Biological-Reviews. 79(2):461-472.

BEERY W.H., IFJU G. ET MCLAIN T.E. 1983. Quantitative wood anatomy - relating anatomy to transverse tensile strength. Wood Fiber Sci. 15(4): 395-407.

BENDTSEN B.A. 1978. Properties of wood from improved and intensively managed trees. Forest Prod. J. 28(10):69-72.

BENDTSEN B.A. ET SENFT J.F. 1986; Mechanical and anatomical properties in individual growth rings of plantation-grown eastern cottonwood and loblolly pine. Wood Fiber Sci. 18(1):23-38.

BIBLIS E.J., CARINO H.F. ET BRINKER R. 1997. Flexural properties of lumber from two 40-year-old loblolly pine plantations with different stand densities. Wood Fiber Sci. 29(4):375-380.

BIBLIS E.J., CARINO H.F., BRINKER R. ET MCKEE C.W. 1995. Effect of stand density on flexural properties of lumber from two 35-year-old loblolly pine plantations. Wood Fiber Sci. 27(1):25-33.

BOOKER R.E., HARRINGTON J. ET SHIOKURA T. 1998. Variation of Young's modulus with microfibril angle, density and spiral grain. Proceedings of the IAWA/IUFRO international workshop on the significance of microfibril angle, Christchurch, NZ: University of Canterbury. pp296-311.

BUES C.T. 1985. Influence of stand density and thinning on the wood density of South African Pinus radiata. Holz. Roh. Werkst. 43(2): 69-73.

BUSTOS C. 2003. Optimisation du procédé d'aboutage par entures multiples du bois d'épinette noire. Thèse de doctorat, Université Laval, Quebec, Canada. 133 pp.

BUSTOS C., MOHAMMAD M., HERNáNDEZ R.E. ET BEAUREGARD R. 2003. Effects of curing time and end pressure on the tensile strength of finger-jointed black spruce lumber. Forest Prod. J. 53(11/12):85-89.

BUTTERFIELD B.G. ET PAL V. 1998. Relating microfibril angle to wood quality in clonal seedlings of radiata pine. Proceedings of the IAWA/IUFRO international workshop on the significance of microfibril angle, Christchurch, NZ: University of Canterbury. pp337-347.

CAMERON J.F., BERRY P.F. ET PHILLIPS E.W. 1959. The determination of wood density using beta rays. Holzforschung 13(3):78-84.

CAVE I.D. 1968. The anisotropic elasticity of the plant cell wall. Wood Sci. Technol. 2(4): 268-278.

CAVE I.D. 1969. The longitudinal Young’s modulus of Pinus radiata. Wood Sci. Technol. 3(1): 40-48.

CAVE I.D. 1976. Modelling the structure of the softwood cell wall for computation of mechanical properties. Wood Sci. Technol.10(1):10-28.

CAVE I.D. ET WALKER J.C.F. 1994. Stiffness of wood in fast-grown plantation softwoods : the influence of microfibril angle. Forest Prod. J. 44(5):43-48.

CHUI Y.H. ET ZHANG S.Y. 1997. Non-destructive evaluation of wood quality in Jack Pine family tests. CTIA/IUFRO workshop August 18-22, 1997. Timber management toward wood quality and end-product value. II.25-II.29.

CHUI Y.H., ZHANG S.Y., PRICE J.C. ET CHAURET G. 1997. Early response of balsam fir and black spruce to precommercial thinning.. CTIA/IUFRO workshop August 18-22, 1997. Timber management toward wood quality and end-product value. V.15-V.21.

CLARK A. ET SAUCIER J.R. 1989. Influence of initial planting density, geographic location, and species on juvenile wood formation in southern pine. Forest Prod. J. 39 (7/8):42-48.

CLARK A., SAUCIER J.R., BALDWIN V.C. ET BOWER D.R. 1994. Effect of initial spacing and thinning on lumber grade, yield, and strength of loblolly pine. Forest Prod. J. 44(11/12): 14-20.

CORNEAU Y. 1994. Product alternatives for small diameter black spruce. Canadian Forest No. 31A. 38pp.

CORNELIUS J.P. ET MORGENSTERN E.K. 1986. An economic analysis of black spruce breeding in New Brunswick. Can. J. For. Res. 16(3):476-483.

COWDREY D.R. ET PRESTON R.D. 1966. Elasticity and microfibrillar angle in the wood of Sitka spruce. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 166: 245-271.

COWN D.J., HEBERT J. ET BALL R. 1999. Modelling Pinus radiata lumber characteristics. Part 1: Mechanical properties of small clears. New Zeal. J. For. Sci. 29(2): 203-213.

COWN D.J. ET MCCONCHIE D.L. 1981. Effects of thinning and fertilizer application on wood properties of Pinus radiata. New Zeal. J. For. Sci. 11(2):79-91.

CREGG B.M., DOUGHERTY P.M. ET HENNESSEY T.C. 1988. Growth and wood quality of young loblolly pine trees in relation to stand density and climatic factors. Can. J. For. Res. 18: 851-858.

DEGRON R. ET NEPVEU G. 1996. Predicting intra- and intertree variability of sessile oak (Quercus petraea) wood density through modelling earlywood and latewood width and density from cambial age, ring width and height within the tree. Ann. For. Sci. 53(5):1019-1030.

DENNE M.P. 1989. Definition of latewood according to Mork (1928). IAWA Bull. 10(1): 59-62.

DENNE M.P. ET HALE M.D. 1999. Cell wall and lumen percentages in relation to wood density of Nothofagus nervosa. IAWA J. 20(1):23-36.

DIAZ-VAZ-OLMEDO J.E., KNIGGE W. ET ECHOLS R. 1975. Comparisons between variations in wood density measured by X-ray and changes in wood anatomy within the annual ring. Fac. de Ingeniera For., Univ de Chile, Valdivia. Bosque 1(1):33-42.

DICKSON R.L. ET WALKER J.C.F. 1997. Selecting wood quality characteristics for pines. CTIA/IUFRO workshop August 18-22, 1997. Timber management toward wood quality and end-product value. IV.45-IV.50.

DONALDSON L.A. 1992. Within- and between-tree variation in microfibril angle in Pinus radiata. New Zeal. J. For. Sci. 22(1):77-86.

DOWNES G.M., NYAKUENGAMA J.G., EVANS R., NORTHWAY R., BLAKEMORE P., DICKSON R.L. ET LAUSBERG M. 2002. Relationship between wood density, microfibril angle and stiffness in thinned and fertilized Pinus radiata. IAWA J. 23(3):253-265.

DUTILLEUL P., HERMAN M. ET AVELLA-SHAW T. 1998. Growth rate effects on correlations among ring width, wood density, and mean tracheid length in Norway spruce (Picea abies). Can. J. For. Res. 28: 56-68.

EVANS R. 1994. Rapid mesurement of the transverse dimensions of tracheids in radial wood sections from Pinus radiata. Holzforschung 48(2):168-172.

FILION J. ET MORIN H. 1996. Distribution spatiale de la régénération de l'épinette noire 8 ans après un feu en forêt boréale (Québec). Can. J. For. Res. 26: 601-610.

FERNANDEZ-GOLFIN J.I. ET DIEZ M.R. 1994. Influence of ring width on the density and other physical and mechanical properties of structural timber of various species. Investigacion-Agraria,-Sistemas-y-Recursos-Forestales. 3(2): 211-219.

GARTNER B.L., NORTH E.M., JOHNSON G.R. ET SINGLETON R. 2002. Effects of live crown on vertical patterns of wood density and growth in Douglas-fir. Can. J. For. Res. 32 : 439-447

GONZALEZ J.S., LUM C. ET MUNRO D. 1997. Wood density as a predictor of MSR lumber yield in Lodgepole Pine. CTIA/IUFRO workshop August 18-22, 1997. Timber management toward wood quality and end-product value. IX.29.

GU H., ZINK-SHARP A. ET SELL J. 2001. Hypothesis on the role of cell wall structure in differential transverse shrinkage of wood. Holz. Roh. Werkst. 59(6):436-442.

GUILLEY E. ET NEPVEU G. 2003. Interprétation anatomique des composantes d’un modèle mixte de densité du bois chez le Chêne sessile (Quercus petraea Liebl.) :âge du cerne compté depuis la moelle, largeur de cerne, arbre, variabilité interannuelle et duraminisation. Ann. For. Sci. 60:331-346.

GUITARD D. ET GACHET C. 2004. Paramètres structuraux et/ou ultrastructuraux facteurs de la variabilité intra-arbre de l’anisotropie élastique du bois. Ann. For. Sci. 61:129-139.

HARRIS J.M. 1977. Shrinkage and density of radiata pine compression wood in relation to its anatomy and mode of formation. New Zeal. J. For. Sci. 7(1):91-106.

HARRIS J.M. ET MEYLAN B.A. 1965. The influence of microfibril angle on longitudinal and tangential shrinkage in Pinus radiata. Holzforschung 19: 144-153.

HELINSKA-RACZKOWSKA L. ET FABISIAK E. 1997. Radial variation of earlywood vessel lumen diameter as an indicator of the juvenile growth period in Ash (Fraxinus excelsior L.). CTIA/IUFRO workshop August 18-22, 1997. Timber management toward wood quality and end-product value. VIII.25-VIII.29.

HERMAN M., DUTILLEUL P. ET AVELA-SHAW T. 1998. Intra-ring and inter-ring variations of tracheid length in fast-grown versus slow-grown norway spruce (Picea abies). IAWA J. 19(1):3-23.

HORVATH R. 2002. Impacts de la coupe sur la productivité des pessières noires à mousses situées dans le secteur nord-ouest de la réserve faunique Ashuapmushuan. Mémoire de maîtrise, Université Laval. 61 pp.

HUURI O., LAHDE E. ET HUURI L. 1987. Effect of stand density on the quality and yield of young Scots pine plantations. Folia Forestalia, Institutum Forestale Fenniae No 685, 48 pp.

IABLOKOFF A.K. 1955. Cell structure and mechanical properties, taking Spruce wood as an example. Rev. Bois Appl. 10. 11.

IVKOVICH M. ET KOSHY M.P. 1997. Wood density measurement: comparison of X-ray, photometric, and morphometric methods. CTIA/IUFRO workshop August 18-22, 1997. Timber management toward wood quality and end-product value. II.55-II.59.

JESSOME A.P. 1977. Résistance et propriétés connexes des bois indigènes au canada. Rapport technique de foresterie 21. Laboratoire des produits forestiers de l’Est, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. 35pp.

JOHANSSON K. 1993. Influence of initial spacing and tree class on the basic density of Picea abies. Scandinavian-Journal of Forest Research 8(1):18-27.

JOZSA L.A. ET MIDDLETON G.R. 1994. A discussion of wood quality attributes and their practical implications. Forintek Canada Corp. No. SP-34. 42pp.

JOZSA L.A., RICHARDS J.E. ET JOHNSON S.G. 1987. Calibration of Forintek’s direct reading densitometer. Report no 55-12-001, Forintek Canada Corp. Vancouver, BC, 16pp.

KASIR W.A. 1990. The influence of spacing on the anatomical properties and specific gravity of the wood of a populus clone. Third Euro-African Regional Wood Anatomy Symposium , Zurich, Switzerland, july 1990. IAWA Bull. 11(2):127-128.

KEITH C.T. 1985. Wood quality evaluation of rapidly grown intensively managed trees. Forintek Canada Corp. 37pp.

KELLER R. 1968. New characteristics for the study of the mechanical properties of wood: density components. Ann. For. Sci. 25(4):237-249.

KELLER R. ET THIERCELLIN F. 1975. Influence des gros rayons ligneux sur quelques propriétés du bois de Hêtre. Ann. For. Sci. 32(2):113-129.

KELLISON R.C., LEA R. ET FREDERICK D.J. 1983. Effect of silvicultural practices on wood quality of southern hardwoods. Tappi J. 66(1):67-69.

KOGA S., TSUTSUMI J. ET ODA K. 1995. Juvenile wood percentages of karamatsu (Larix leptolepis). Bulletin of the Kyushu University Forests. 72: 217-227.

KOGA S. ET ZHANG S.Y. 2002. Relationships between wood density and annual growth rate components in Balsam fir (Abies balsamea). Wood Fiber Sci. 34(1): 146-157.

KOPONEN S., TORATTI T. ET KANERVA P. 1991. Modelling elastic and shrinkage properties of wood based on cell structure. Wood Sci. Technol. 25:25-32.

KORAN Z. 1991. Wood structural features of black spruce. Acta-Facultatis-Ligniensis No 1: 65-100.

KORT-DE I., LOEFFEN V. ET BAAS P. 1991. Ring width, density and wood anatomy of Douglas fir with different crown vitality. IAWA Bull. 12(4):453-465.

KOSHY M.P. ET LESTER D.T. 1997. Wood shrinkage and tree growth in coastal Douglas-fir: implications of selection. Can. J. For. Res. 27(1):135-138.

KOUBAA A., HERNANDEZ R.E., BEAUDOIN M., FORTIN Y. ET POLIQUIN J. 1997. Nondestructive evaluation of physical, mechanical and anatomical properties of fast growing poplar hybrid clones. Proceedings of the CTIA-IUFRO International Wood Quality Workshop, Quebec City, Canada, August 18-22, 1997. II.47-II.53.

KOUBAA A., ZHANG S.Y., ISABEL N., BEAULIEU J. ET BOUSQUET J. 2000. Phenotypic correlations between juvenile-mature wood density and growth in black spruce. Wood Fiber Sci. 32(1): 61-71.

KOUBAA A., ZHANG S.Y. ET MAKNI S. 2002. Defining the transition from earlywood to latewood in black spruce based on intra-ring wood density profiles from X-ray densitometry. Ann. For. Sci. 59(5/6):511-518.

KOUBAA A., ISABEL N., ZHANG S.Y., BEAULIEU J., BERNIER-CARDOU M. ET BOUSQUET J. 2004. Transition from juvenile to mature wood in Picea mariana (Mill.) B.S.P. Submitted in July 2004 to Wood Fiber Sci.

KRETSCHMANN D.E. 1997. Effect of juvenile wood on shear parallel and compression perpendicular-to-grain strength for Loblolly Pine. Proceedings of the CTIA-IUFRO International Wood Quality Workshop, Quebec City, Canada, August 18-22, 1997. VI.23-VI.30.

KROMHOUT C.P. 1968. The influence of stand density on certain anatomical wood properties of Pinus pinaster in two C.C.T. stands. Bosb. Suid-Afr. 9: 45-66.

KUCERA B. 1994. A hypothesis relating current annual height increment to juvenile wood formation in norway spruce. Wood Fiber Sci. 26(1): 152-167

LAW K.N. ET VALADE J.L. 1997. Effect of Wood quality on thermomechanical pulping: a case study on Black Spruce and Jack Pine. CTIA/IUFRO international wood quality workshop, Quebec city, Canada. Timber management toward wood quality and end-product value. Chapter VII p3-7.

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LEMIEUX H., BEAUDOIN M. ET GRONDIN F. 2000. A model for the sawing and grading of lumber according to knots. Wood Fiber Sci. 32(2):179-188.

LINDSTROM H., HARRIS P. ET NAKADA R. 2002. Methods for measuring stiffness of young trees. Holz-als-Roh-und-Werkstoff. 60(3):165-174.

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MAKINEN H., SARANPAA P. ET LINDER S. 2002. Effect of growth rate on fibre characteristics in Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.). Holzforschung. 56(5):449-460.

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