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Albert, P.J. & Bauce, É., 1994. Feeding preferences of fourth- and sixth-instar spruce budworm (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) larvae for foliage extracts from young and old balsam fir hosts. Environmental Entomology, 23: 645-653.

Albert, P.J., Cearley, C., Hanson, F. & Parisella, S., 1982. Feeding responses of eastern spruce budworm larvae to sucrose and other carbohydrates. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 8: 223-239.

Albert, P.J. & Parisella, S., 1985. Feeding preferences of eastern spruce budworm larvae in two-choice tests with combinations of host-plant extracts. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 38: 221-225.

Albert, P.J. & Parisella, S., 1988. Feeding preferences of eastern spruce budworm larvae in two-choice tests with extracts of mature foliage and with pure amino acids. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 14(8): 1649-1656.

Appel, H.M. & Martin, M.M., 1990. Gut redox conditions in herbivorous lepidopteran larvae. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 16: 3277-3290.

Appel, H.M. & Schultz, J.C., 1992. Activity of phenolics in insects: the role of oxidation. pp. 609-620. In: R.W. Hemingway and P.E. Laks, editors. Plant polyphenols: synthesis, properties, significance. Plenum Press, New York, USA.

Appel, H.M. & Schultz, J.C., 1994. Oak tannins reduce effectiveness of thuricide (Bacillus thuringiensis) in the gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 87: 1736-1742.

Asano, K., Shinagawa, K. & Hashimoto, N., 1982. Characterization of haze-forming proteins of beer and their roles in chill haze formation. Journal of the American Society Brewing Chemists, 40: 147-154.

Awmack, C.S. & Leather, S.R., 2002. Host plant quality and fecundity in herbivorous insects. Annual Review of Entomology, 47: 817-844.

Barbehenn, R.V. & Martin, M.M., 1992. The protective role of the peritrophic membrane in the tannin-tolerant larvae of Orgyia leucostigma (Lepidoptera). Journal of Insect Physiology, 38: 973-980.

Bauce, É., 1995. Application de l’écophysiologie de l’alimentation des insectes à la lutte contre la TBE: utilisation de la scie à chaîne. Comptes rendus du Séminaire sur la tordeuse des bourgeons de l’épinette : en savons-nous assez pour lutter efficacement contre la tordeuse? Direction de la recherche forestière et la Direction de la conservation des forêts, Ministère des Ressources Naturelles du Québec. 12-13 avril 1995. pp. 13-26.

Bauce, É., 1996. One and two years impact of commercial thinning on spruce budworm feeding ecology and host tree foliage production and chemistry. Forestry Chronicle, 72: 393-398.

Bauce, É., 2001. Implications des relations alimentaires plante-insecte dans la lutte contre la tordeuse des bourgeons de l’épinette. Actes du colloque « Tordeuse des bourgeons de l’épinette : l’apprivoiser dans nos stratégies d’aménagement » tenu à Shawinigan, 27-29 mars 2001. pp.27-32.

Bauce, É., Bérubé, R., Carisey, N. & Charest, M., 2001. La tordeuse des bourgeons de l’épinette. Acquisition et transfert de connaissances au laboratoire d’entomologie forestière de l’Université Laval. Monographie.

Bauce, É., Bidon, Y. & Berthiaume, R., 2002. Effects of food nutritive quality and Bacillus thuringiensis on feeding behaviour, food utilization and larval growth of spruce budworm Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.) when exposed as fourth- and sixth-instar larvae. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 4: 57-70.

Bauce, É. & Carisey, N., 1996. Larval feeding behaviour affects the impact of staminate flower production on the suitability of balsam fir trees for spruce budworm. Oecologia, 105: 126-131.

Bauce, É., Crépin M., & Carisey, N., 1994. Spruce budworm growth, development and food utilization on young and old balsam fir trees. Oecologia 97: 499-507.

Bauce, É. & Hardy, Y., 1988. Effects of drainage and severe defoliation on the raw fiber content of balsam fir needles and growth of the spruce budworm (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Environmental Entomology, 17: 671-674.

Baur, P.S. & Walkinshaw, C.H., 1974. Fine structure of tannin accumulations in callus cultures of Pinus elliotti (slash pine). Canadian Journal of Botany, 52: 615-619.

Benrey, B. & Denno, R.F., 1997. The slow-growth-high-mortality hypothesis: a test using the cabbage butterfly. Ecology, 78: 987-999.

Berenbaum, M., 1980. Adaptive significance of midgut pH in larval Lepidoptera. American Naturalist, 115: 138-146.

Berenbaum, M., 1983. Effects of tannin on growth and digestion in two species of Papilionids. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 34: 245-250.

Berenbaum, M., 1983a. Coumarins and caterpillars: a case for coevolution. Evolution, 37: 163-179.

Bernays, E.A. & Chamberlain, D.J., 1980. A study of tolerance of ingested tannin in Schistocerca gregaria. Journal of Insect Physiology, 26: 415-420.

Bernays, E.A., Chamberlain, D.J. & Leather, E.M., 1981. Tolerance of acridids to ingested condensed tannin. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 7: 247-256.

Bernays, E.A., Chamberlain, D.J. & McCarthy, P., 1980. The differential effects of ingested tannic acid on different species of Acridoideae. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 28: 158-166.

Bernays, E.A.& Chapman, R.F., 2000. Plant secondary compounds and grasshoppers: beyond plant defenses. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 26: 1773-1794.

Bernays, E.A. & Woodhead, S., 1982. Plant phenols utilized as nutrients by a phytophagous insect. Science, 216: 201-202.

Bernays, E.A., Cooper Driver, G. & Bilgener, M., 1989. Herbivores and plant tannins. Advances in Ecological Research, 19: 263-302.

Bidon, Y., 1993. Influence des sucres solubles et de l’azote sur la croissance, le développement et l’utilization de la nourriture par la tordeuse des bourgeons de l’épinette (Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.)). Thèse de Maîtrise ès Science. Université Laval, Ste-Foy (Québec), Canada. 63 pp.

Bidon, Y., 1999. Interactions entre la qualité du substrat nutritif et le Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) sur le comportement, les performances et l’utilisation de la nourriture par les larves de tordeuse de bourgeons de l’épinette (Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.)). Thèse de doctorat, Université Laval, St-Foy, Canada, 180 pp.

Blytt, H.J., Gusar, T.K. & Butler, L.G., 1988. Antinutritional effects and ecological significance of dietary condensed tannins may not be due to binding and inhibition of digestive enzymes. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 14 : 1455-1466.

Bordeleau, C. & Boulet, B., 1989. Insectes et maladies des arbres: Québec-1988. Forêt Conservation, 56, 32.

Brewer, G.J. & Anderson, M.D., 1990. Modification of the effect of Bacillus thuringiensis on sunflower moth (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) by dietary phenols. Journal of Economic Entomology, 83: 2219-2224.

Brewer, W., Capinera, J.L., Deshon, R.E. & Walmsley, M.L., 1985. Influence of foliar nitrogen levels on survival, development and reproduction of western spruce budworm, Choristoneura occidentalis (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Canadian Entomologist, 117: 23-32.

Brodbeck, B. & Strong, D., 1987. Amino acids nutrition of herbivorous insects and stress to host plants. In: Insect outbreaks. Edited by P. Barbosa & J.C. Schultz. Academic Press, New York. pp. 347-364.

Bryant, J.P., Clausen, T.P., Reichardt, P.B., McCarthy, M.C. & Werner, R.A., 1987. Effect of nitrogen fertilization upon the secondary chemistry and nutritional value of quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) leaves for the large aspen tortrix (Choristoneura conflictana (Walker)). Oecologia, 73: 513-517.

Carisey, N. 1996. Comportement alimentaire et utilisation de la nourriture par la tordeuse des bourgeons de l’épinette, Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.) en fonction de la floraison du sapin baumier, Abies balsamea (L.)(Mill.). Thèse de doctorat, Université Laval, St-Foy, Canada, 128 pp.

Carisey, N. & Bauce, É., 1997. Impact of balsam fir foliage age on sixth-instar spruce budworm growth, development and food utilization. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 27: 257-264.

Carisey, N. & Bauce, É., 2002. Does nutrition-related stress carry over to spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) progeny? Bulletin of Entomological Research 92: 101-108.

Carlson, C.E., Schmidt, W., Fellin, D. & Wulf, N.W., 1985. Silvicultural approaches to western spruce budworm management in the Northern U.S. Rocky Mountains. In: Recent Advances in Spruce Budworm Research. Proceedings of the CANUSA Spruce Budworm Research Symposium. Edited by C. Sanders et al. Canadian Forestry Service and USDA Forest Service, Ottawa, Ontario. pp. 281-300.

Cates, R.G., Henderson, C.B. & Redak, R.A., 1987. Responses of western spruce budworm to varying levels of nitrogen and terpenes. Oecologia, 73: 312-316.

Cavalier-Smith, T., 1992. Origins of secondary metabolism. In: D.J. Chadwick and J. Whelan (eds). Secondary metabolites: their function and evolution. Wiley Interscience Publication John Wiley and Sons, pp. 64-87.

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Chapman, R.F., 1998. Nutrition. In: The Insects, Cambridge University Press, pp.69-93.

Clausen, T.P., Reichardt, P.B., Bryant, J.P. & Provenza, F., 1992. Condensed tannins in plant defense: a perspective on classical theories. pp. 639-651 in R.W. Hemingway and P.E. Laks, editors. Plant polyphenols: synthesis, properties, significance. Plenum Press, New York, New York, USA.

Cooper, S.M., Owen-Smith, N. & Bryant, J.P., 1988. Foliage acceptability to browsing ruminants in relation to seasonal changes in the leaf chemistry of woody plants in a South African savanna. Oecologia, 75: 336-342.

Craighead, F.C., 1924. Studies on the spruce budworm (Cacoecia fumiferana Clem.) II. General bionomics and possibilities of prevention and control. Canada Department of Agriculture Technical Bulletin, 37: 32-38.

Crook, G.W., Vézina, P.E. & Hardy, Y., 1979. Susceptibility of balsam fir to spruce budworm defoliation as affected by thinning. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 9: 428-435.

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Dadd, R.H., 1985. Nutrition: organisms. In: Comprehensive Insect Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, vol. 4, ed. G.A. Kerkut & L.I. Gilbert, pp. 313-390. Oxford: Pergamon Press.

Dent, D.R., 1993. The use of Bacillus thuringiensis as an insecticide. In: Exploitation of Microorganisms (ed. By D.G. Jones), pp. 19-43. Chapman & Hall, London.

De Veau, E.J.I. & Schultz, J.C., 1992. Reassessment of interaction between gut detergents and tannins in Lepidoptera and significance for gypsy moth larvae. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 18: 1437-1453.

Deshpande, S.S. & Salunkhe, D.K., 1982. Interaction of tannic acid and catechin with legume starches. Journal of Food Science, 47: 2080-2083.

Deshpande, S.S., Cheryan, M. & Salunkhe, D.K., 1986. Tannin analysis of food products. CRC. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, pp. 401-449.

Dethier, V.G., 1982. Mechanism of host-plant recognition. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 31: 49-56.

Durzan, D.J. & Lopushanski, S.M., 1968. Free and bound amino acids of spruce budworm larvae feeding on balsam fir and red and white spruce. Journal of Insect Physiology 14: 1485-1497.

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Edwards, P.J. & Wratten, S.D., 1985. Induced plant defenses against grazing: fact or artefact? Oikos, 44: 70-74.

Feeny, P.P., 1968. Effect of oak leaf tannins on larval growth of the winter moth Operophthera brumata. Journal of Insect Physiology, 14: 805-817.

Feeny, P.P., 1970. Seasonal changes in oak leaf tannins and nutrients as a cause of spring feeding by winter moth caterpillar. Ecology, 51: 565-581.

Feeny, P.P., 1975. Biochemical coevolution between plants and their insect herbivores. In: Coevolution of Animals and Plants, eds.: L.E. Gilbert & P.H. Raven, University of Texas Press, Austin, pp. 3-19.

Feeny, P.P., 1976. Plant apparency and chemical defense. Recent Advances in Phytochemistry, 10:1-40.

Feeny, P.P., 1992. The evolution of chemical ecology: contributions from the study of herbivorous insects. pp. 1-44 in G.A. Rosenthal and M.R. Berenbaum, editors. Herbivores: their interaction with secondary plant metabolites. Vol. II. Academic Press, Orlando, Florida, USA.

Feeny, P.P. & Bostock, H., 1968. Seasonal changes in the tannin contents of oak leaves. Phytochemistry, 7: 871-880.

Felton, G.W. & Dahlman, D.L., 1984. Allelochemical induced stress: Effects of L-canavanine on the pathogenicity of Bacillus thuringiensis in Manduca sexta. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 44: 187-191.

Felton, G.W. & Duffey, S.S., 1991. Reassessment of the role of gut alkalinity and detergency in insect herbivory. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 17: 1821-1836.

Forsyth, W.G.C., 1964. Physiological aspects of curing plant products. Annual Review of Plant Physiology, 15: 443-448.

Fox, L.R., 1981. Defense and dynamics in plant-herbivores systems. American Zoologist, 21: 853-864.

Fox, L.R. & Macauley, B.J., 1977. Insect grazing on Eucalyptus in response to variation in leaf tannins and nitrogen. Oecologia, 29: 145-162.

Gaffney, S.H., Martin, R., Lilley, T.H., Haslam, E. & Magnolato, D., 1986. The association of polyphenols with caffeine and α- and β-cyclodextrin in aqueous media. Journal of Chemical Society, Chemical Communications, 107-109.

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Gould, F., Anderson, A., Landis, D. & Vanmellaert, H., 1991. Feeding behavior and growth of Heliothis virescens larvae on diets containing Bacillus thuringiensis formulations or endotoxins. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 58(3): 199-210.

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Hagerman, A.E. & Butler, L.G., 1981. The specificity of proanthocyanidin-protein interactions. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 256: 4494-4497.

Hagerman, A.E. & Butler, L.G., 1991. Tannins and lignins. pp.355-388 in G.A. Rosenthal and M.R. Berenbaum (eds.). Herbivores, Their Interaction with Secondary Plant Metabolites, Vol. I. The Chemical Constituents, 2nd ed. Academic Press, San Diego California.

Hagerman, A.E. & Klucher, K.M., 1986. Tannin-protein interactions. In: Plant Flavonoids in Biology and Medicine: Biochemical, Pharmacological and Structure-Activity Relationships, pp. 67-76. Alan R. Liss: New York.

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Haslam, E., 1989. Plant Polyphenols. Vegetable Tannins Revisited. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

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