Collection Mémoires et thèses électroniques
AccueilÀ proposNous joindre

Bibliographie générale

Abbott L.K. & Robson A.D. (1991). Factors influencing the occurrence of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizas. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 35: 121-150.

Abuzinadah R.A. & Read D.J. (1989). The role of proteins in the nitrogen nutrition of ectomycorrhizal plants. IV. The utilization of peptides by birch (Betula pendula L.) infected with different mycorrhizal Fungi. New Phytologist 112: 55-60.

Agerer R. (1999). Anatomical characteristics of identified ectomycorrhizas: an attempt toward a natural classification. In: Varma A. & Hock B. (Eds). Mycorrhiza : structure, function, molecular biology and biotechnology. 2nd edn. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany, pp 633-682.

Alberta environment (2001). Salt contamination assessment and remediation guidelines. ENV-190-OP, www.gov.ab.ca/env/ (consulté: décembre 2004).

Al-Karaki G.N. (2000). Growth of mycorrhizal tomato and mineral acquisition under salt stress. Mycorrhiza 10: 51-54.

Al-Karaki G.N., Hammad R. & Rusan M. (2001). Response of two tomato cultivars differing in salt tolerance to inoculation with mycorrhizal fungi under salt stress. Mycorrhiza 11: 43-47.

Allen M.F. (1991). The Ecology of Mycorrhizae. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Apostol K.G., Zwiazek J.J. & MacKinnon M.D. (2002). NaCl and Na2SO4 alter responses of jack pine (Pinus banksiana) seedlings to boron. Plant and Soil 240: 321-329.

Apostol K.G., Zwiazek J.J. & MacKinnon M.D. (2004). Naphthenic acids affect plant water conductance but do not alter shoot Na+ and Cl- concentrations in jack pine (Pinus banksiana) seedlings. Plant and Soil 263: 183-190.

Arguelles J.C. (2000). Physiological roles of trehalose in bacteria and yeasts: a comparative analysis. Archive of Microbiology 174: 217-224.

Arnholdt-Schmitt B. (2004). Stress-induced cell reprogramming. A role for global genome regulation ? Plant Physiology 136: 2579-2586.

Arnon D.I. (1949). Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts. Polyphenoloxidase in Beta vulgaris. Plant Physiology 24: 1-15.

Augé R.M. (2001). Water relations, drought and vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis. Mycorrhiza 11: 3-42.

Baxter J.W. & Dighton J. (2001). Ectomycorrhizal diversity alters growth and nutrient acquisition of grey birch (Betula populifolia) seedlings in host symbiont culture conditions. New Phytologist 152: 139-149.

Bell A.A. & Wheeler M.H. (1986). Biosynthesis and functions of fungal melanins. Annual Review of Phytopathology 24: 411-451.

Bellgard S.E. (1993). Soil disturbance and infection of Trifolium repens roots by vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Mycorrhiza 3: 25-29.

Bending G.D. & Read D.J. (1995a). The structure and function of the vegetative mycelium of ectomycorrhizal plants. V. Foraging behaviour and translocation of nutrients from exploited litter. New Phytologist 130: 401-409.

Bending G.D. & Read D.J. (1995b). The structure and function of the vegetative mycelium of ectomycorrhizal plants. VI. Activities of nutrient mobilizing enzymes in birch litter colonized by Paxillus involutus (Fr.) Fr. New Phytologist 130: 411-417.

Berthomieu P., Conéjéro G., Nublat A., Brackenbury W.J., Lambert C., Savio C., Uozumi N., Oiki S., Yamada K., Cellier F., Gosti F., Simonneau T., Essah P.A., Tester M., Very A-A, Sentenac H. & Casse F. (2003). Functional analysis of AtHKT1 in Arabidopsis shows that Na+ recirculation by the phloem is crucial for salt tolerance. Embo Journal 22: 2004-2014.

Bidartondo M.I., Baar J. & Bruns T.D. (2001). Low ectomycorrhizal inoculum potential and diversity from soils in and near ancient forests of bristlecone pine (Pinus longeava). Canadian journal of Botany 79: 293-299.

Bledsoe C.S. & Rygiewicz P.T. (1986). Ectomycorrhizas affect ionic balance during ammonium uptake by Douglas fir roots. New Phytologist 102: 271-283.

Bois G., Bertrand A., Piché Y., Fung M.Y.P. & Khasa D.P. (2005a). Growth, compatible solute and salt accumulation of five mycorrhizal fungal species grown over a range of NaCl concentrations. Mycorrhiza (sous presse)

Bois G., Bigras F., Bertrand A., Piché Y., Fung M.Y.P. & Khasa D.P. (2005b). Differential effect of three ectomycorrhizal fungi on the physiological response of Picea glauca and Pinus banksiana seedlings exposed to a NaCl gradient. (en soumission).

Bois G., Bigras F., Piché Y., Fung M.Y.P. & Khasa D.P. (2005c). Physiological response to NaCl of nursery-grown Pinus banksiana inoculated with Laccaria bicolor. (en soumission).

Bois G., Piché Y., Fung M.Y.P. & Khasa D.P. (2005d). Mycorrhizal inoculum potentials of pure reclamation materials and revegetated tailing sands from the Canadian oil sand industry. Mycorrhiza 15: 149-158.

Bohnert H.J., Nelson D.E. & Jensen R.G. (1995). Adaptations to environmental stresses. Plant Cell 7: 1099-1111.

Bohnert H.J. & Shen B. (1999). Transformation and compatible solutes. Scientia Horticulturae 78: 237-260.

Boucher D.H., James S. & Keeler K.H. (1982). The ecology of mutualism. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 13: 315-347.

Bradbury S.M., Danielson R.M. & Visser S. (1998). Ectomycorrhizas of regenerating stands of lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta). Canadian Journal of Botany 76: 218-227.

Brady N.C. & Weil R.R. (2002). The nature and properties of soils. 13th edn. Prentice Hall, Upper saddle river, NJ, USA.

Brandes B., Goldbold D.L., Kuhn A.J. & Jentschke G. (1998). Nitrogen and phosphorus acquisition by the mycelium of the ectomycorrhizal fungus Paxillus involutus and its effect on host nutrition. New Phytologist 140: 735-743.

Bronstein J.L. (2001). The exploitation of mutualisms. Ecology Letters 4: 277-287.

Brown A.D. & Simpson J.R. (1972). Water relations of sugar-tolerant yeasts: The role of intracellular polyols. Journal of General Microbiology 72: 589-591.

Brundrett M.C. (2002). Coevolution of roots and mycorrhizas of land plants. New Phytologist 154: 275-304.

Brundrett M.C. (2004). Diversity and classification of mycorrhizal associations. Biological Reviews 79: 473-495.

Brundrett M.C. & Abbott L.K. (1994). Mycorrhizal fungus propagules in the jarrah forest. I. Seasonal study of inoculum levels. New Phytologist 127: 539-546.

Brundrett M.C., Ashwath N. & Jasper D.A. (1996a). Mycorrhizas in the Kakadu region of tropical Australia. I. Propagules of mycorrhizal fungi and soil properties in natural habitats. Plant and Soil 184: 159-171.

Brundrett M.C., Ashwath N. & Jasper D.A. (1996b). Mycorrhizas in the Kakadu region of tropical Australia. II. Propagules of mycorrhizal fungi in disturbed habitats. Plant and Soil 184: 173-184.

Brundrett M., Bougher N., Dell B., Grove T. & Malajczuk N. (1996c). Working with mycorrhizas in forestry and agriculture. ACIAR Monograph 32, Canberra, Australia.

Butler M.J. & Day A.W. (1998). Fungal melanins: a review. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 44: 1115-1136.

Cairney J.W.G. & Burke R.M. (1996). Physiological heterogeneity within fungal mycelia: an important concept for a functional understanding of the ectomycorrhizal symbiosis. New Phytologist 134: 685-695.

Cairney J.W.G., Taylor A.F.S., & Burke R.M. (2003). No evidence for lignin peroxidase genes in ectomycorrhizal fungi. New Phytologist 160: 461-462.

Cheeseman J.M. (1988). Mechanisms of salinity tolerance in plants. Plant Physiology 87: 547-550.

Chen D.M., Ellul S., Herdman K. & Cairney J.W.G. (2001a). Influence of salinity on biomass production by Australian Pisolithus spp. isolates. Mycorrhiza 11: 231-236.

Chen D.M., Taylor A.F.S., Burke R.M. & Cairney J.W.G. (2001b). Identification of genes for lignin peroxidases and manganese peroxidases in ectomycorrhizal fungi. New Phytologist 152: 151-158.

Chrispeels C. & Maurel M.J. (2001). Aquaporins. A molecular entry into plant water relations. Plant physiology 125: 135-138.

Churchman G.J., Skjemstad J.O. & Oades J.M. (1993). Influence of clay minerals and organic matter on effects of sodicity on soils. Australian Journal of Soil Research 31: 779-800.

Clipson N.J.W. & Jennings D.H. (1992). Dendryphiella salina and Debaryomyces hensenii: models for ecophysical adaptation to salinity by fungi that grow in the sea. Canadian Journal of Botany 70: 2097-2105.

Colpaert J.V., van Assche J.A. & Luijtens K. (1992). The growth of the extramatrical mycelium of ectomycorrhizal fungi and the growth response of Pinus sylvestris L. New Phytologist 120: 127-135.

Colpaert J.V., van Laere A. & van Assche J.A. (1996). Carbon and nitrogen allocation in ectomycorrhizal and non-mycorrhizal Pinus sylvestris L. seedlings. Tree Physiology 16: 787-793.

Colpaert J.V., Vandenkoornhuyse P., Adriaensen K. & Vangronsveld J. (2000). Genetic variation and heavy metal tolerance in the ectomycorrhizal basidiomycete Suillus luteus. New Phytologist 147: 367-379.

Colpaert J.V. & Verstuyft I. (1999). The Ingestad concept in ectomycorrhizal research: possibilities and limitations. Physiologia Plantarum 105: 233-238.

Coleman M.D., Bledsoe C.S. & Lopushinsky W. (1989). Pure culture response of ectomycorrhizal fungi to imposed water stress. Canadian Journal of Botany 67: 29-39.

Cramer G.R., Lauchli A. & Polito V.S. (1985). Displacement of Ca2+ from the plasmalemma of root cells. Plant Physiology 79: 207-211.

Crowe J.H., Crowe L.M. & Chapman D. (1984). Preservation of membranes in anhydrobiotic organisms: the role of trehalose. Science 223: 701-703.

Dahlberg A. (2001). Community ecology of ectomycorrhizal fungi: an advancing interdisciplinary field. New Phytologist 150: 555-562.

Dahlberg A. & Finlay R.D. (1999). Suillus. In: Cairney J.W.G. & Chambers S.M. (eds). Ectomycorrhizal fungi – Key genera in profile. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany, pp 33-64.

Danielson R.M. (1982). Taxonomic affinities and criteria for identification of the common ectendomycorrhizal symbiont of pines. Canadian Journal of Botany 60: 7-18.

Danielson R.M. (1984). Ectomycorrhizal associations in jack pine stands in Northeastern Alberta. Canadian Journal of Botany 62: 932-939.

Danielson R.M. (1991). Temporal changes and effects of amendments on the occurrence of sheathing ectomycorrhizas of conifers growing in oil sands tailings and coal spoil. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 35: 261-281.

Danielson R.M. & Visser S. (1989). Host response to inoculation and behavior of introduced and indigenous ectomycorrhizal fungi of jack pine grown on oil-sands tailings. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 19: 1412-1421.

Danielson R.M., Visser S. & Parkinson D. (1983a). Plant growth in four overburden types used in the reclamation of extracted oil sands. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 63: 353-361.

Danielson R.M. Visser S. & Parkinson D. (1983b). Microbial activity and mycorrhizal potential of four overburden types used in the reclamation of extracted oil sands. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 63: 363-375.

Danielson R.M., Zak J.C. & Parkinson D. (1984). Mycorrhizal inoculum in a peat deposit formed under white spruce stand in Alberta. Canadian Journal of Botany 63: 2557–2560.

Davies F.T., Svenson S.E., Cole J.C., Phavaphutanon L., Duray S.A., Olalde-Portugal V., Meier C.E. and Bo S.H. (1996). Non-nutritional stress acclimatation of mycorrhizal woody plants exposed to drought. Tree Physiology 16: 985-993.

de Bary A. (1887). Comparative morphology and biology of the fungi, mycetozoa and bacteria. Clarendon Press, Oxford, UK.

Dighton J. & Mason P.A. (1985). Mycorrhizal dynamics during forest tree development. In: Moore D., Casselton L.A., Wood D.A. & Frankland J.C. (eds). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Dixon R.K., Rao M.V. & Garg V.K. (1993). Salt stress affects in vitro growth and in situ symbioses of ectomycorrhizal fungi. Mycorrhiza 3: 63-68.

Dosskey M.G., Boersma L. & Linderman R.G. (1991). Role of the photosynthate demand of ectomycorrhizas in the response of Douglas fir seedlings to drying soil. New Phytologist 117: 327-334.

Dosskey M.G., Linderman R.G. & Boersma L. (1990). Carbon-sink stimulation of photosynthesis in Douglas fir seedlings by some ectomycorrhizas. New Phytolologist 115: 269-274.

Dosskey M.G., Linderman R.G. & Boersma L. (1992). Comparison of biomass allocation in ectomycorrhizal and nonmycorrhizal Douglas fir seedlings of similar nutrition and overall size. Plant and Soil 142: 147-150.

Duryea M.L. (1984). Nursery cultural practices: impact on seedling quality. In: Duryea M.L. & Landis T.D. (eds). Forest nursery manual: production of bareroot seedlings. Martinus Nilhoff/Dr. W. Junk Publishers, The Hague/Boston/Landcaster, Oregon state university, Corvallis, www.rngr.net/Publications/fnm (consulté: mai 2005).

Eastman P.A.K. & Camm E.L. (1995). Regulation of photosynthesis in interior spruce during water stress: changes in gas exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence. Tree Physiology 15: 229-235.

Egger K.N. (1995). Molecular analysis of ectomycorrhizal fungal communities. Canadian Journal of Botany 73: S1415-S1422.

Egger K.N. & Hibbett D.S. (2004). The evolutionary implications of exploitation in mycorrhizas. Canadian Journal of Botany 82: 1110-1121.

Egger K.N., Kernaghan G., O’Dell T.E. & Baldwin Q.F. (1996). Describing DNA using molecular techniques. In: Goodman D.M.G., Dural D.M., Trofynow J.A.T. & Berch S.H. (eds). Manual of Concise Description of North American Ectomycorrhizae. Mycologue Publications, Sidney, BC, Canada, pp 3B.1-3B.2.

Essington M.E. (2004). Soil and water chemistry, an integrative approach. CRC Press, USA.

Finlay R.D., Frostegard A. & Sonnerfeldt A.-M. (1992). Utilization of organic and inorganic nitrogen sources by ectomycorrhizal fungi in pure culture and in symbiosis with Pinus contorta Dougl. Ex Loud. New Phytologist 120: 105-115.

Flowers T.J. (1972). Salt tolerance in Suaeda maritima L. Dum. The effect of sodium chloride on growth, respiration and soluble enzymes in a comparative study with Pisum sativum. Journal of experimental botany 11: 1881-1886.

Flowers T.J., Troke P.F. & Yeo A.R. (1977). The mechanism of salt tolerance in halophytes. Annual Review of Plant Physiology 28: 89-121.

Formina M.A., Alexander I.J., Colpaert J.V. & Gadd G.M. (2005). Solubilization of toxic metal minerals and metal tolerance of mycorrhizal fungi. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 37: 851-866.

Frankland J.C. (1998). Fungal succession – unraveling the unpredictable. Mycological Research 102: 1-15.

Franklin J.A., Renault S., Croser C., Zwiazek J.J. & MacKinnon M. (2002a). Jack pine growth and elemental composition are affected by saline tailings water. Journal of Environmental Quality 31: 648-653.

Franklin J.A. & Zwiazek J.J. (2004). Ion uptake in Pinus banksiana treated with sodium chloride and sodium sulphate. Physiologia Plantarum 120: 482-490.

Franklin J.A., Zwiazek J.J., Renault S. & Croser C. (2002b). Growth and elemental composition of Jack pine (Pinus banksiana) seedlings treated with sodium chloride and sodium sulfate. Trees 16: 325-330.

Fung, M.Y.P. & Macyk T.M. (2000). Reclamation of oil sand mining areas. In: Barnhisel R.I., Darmody R.G. & Daniels W.L. (eds). Reclamation of drastically disturbed lands, 2nd edn. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI, USA, pp 755-774.

Gadd G.M. (1993). Interaction of fungi with toxic metals. New Phytologist 124: 25-60.

Galinsky E.A. & Truper H.G. (1994). Microbial behavior in salt-stressed ecosystems. FEMS Microb Rev 15: 95-108.

Gallaud I.. (1905). Études sur les mycorhizes endophytes. Revue Générale de Botanique 17: 5-48, 66-85, 123-136, 223-239, 313-325, 423-433, 479-496.

Garbaye J. & Guehl J.-M. (1997). Le rôle des ectomycorhizes dans l’utilisation de l’eau par les arbres forestiers. Revue forestière francaise XLIX: 110-120.

Gardes M, White T.J., Fortin J.A., Bruns T.D. & Taylor J.W. (1991). Identification of indigenous and introduced symbiotic fungi in ectomycorrhizae by amplification of nuclear and mitochondrial ribosomal DNA. Canadian Journal of Botany 69: 180-190.

Gardner W.K. (2004). Changes in soils irrigated with saline groundwater containing excess bicarbonate. Australian Journal of Soil Research 42: 825-831.

Giovannetti M. & Mosse B. (1980). An evaluation of techniques for measuring vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal infection in roots. New Phytology 84:489-500

Glen M., Tommerup I.C., Bougher N.L. & O’Brien P. (2001). Interspecific and intraspecific variation of ectomycorrhizal fungi associated with Eucalyptus ecosystems as revealed by ribosomal DNA PCR-RFLP. Mycological Research 105: 843-858.

Godde D. (1999). Adaptation of the photosynthetic apparatus to stress conditions. In: Lerner H.R. (ed). Plant response to environmental stresses, from phytohormones to genome reorganization. Marcel Dekker Inc., Basel, NY, USA, pp 449-474.

Goodman D.M., Durall D.M., Trofynow J.A. & Berch S.M. (1996). Concise Description of North American Ectomycorrhizae. Mycologue publications, Sidney, BC, Canada.

Gould A.B., Hendrix J.W. & Ferriss R.S. (1996). Relationship of mycorrhizal activity to time following reclamation of surface mine land in Western Kentucky. I. Propagule and spore population densities. Canadian Journal of Botany 74: 247-261.

Greenway H. & Osmond C.B. (1972). Salt response of enzymes from species differing in salt tolerance. Plant Physiology 49: 256-259.

Guehl J.-M., Garbaye J. & Wartinger A. (1992). The effect of ectomycorrhizal status on plant water relations and sensitivity of leaf gas exchange to soil drought in Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) seedlings. In: read D.J., Lewis D.H., Fitter A.H. & Alexander I.J. (eds). Mycorrhizas in ecosystems. CAB international, Oxon, UK.

Guinberteau J. & Courtecuisse R. (1997). Diversité des champignons (surtout mycorhiziens) dans les écosystèmes forestiers actuels. Revue forestière francaise XLIX: 25-39.

Hacskaylo E. (1965). Thelephora terrestris and mycorrhizae of Virginia pine. Forest Science 11: 401-404.

Hartley J., Cairney J.W.G. & Meharg A.A. (1997). Do ectomycorrhizal fungi exhibit adaptative tolerance to potentially toxic metals in the environment? Plant and Soil 189: 303-319.

Hartung W. & Jeschke W.D. (1999). Abscisic acid: a long-distance stress signal in salt stressed plants. In: Lerner H.R. (ed). Plant response to environmental stresses, from phytohormones to genome reorganization. Marcel Dekker Inc., Basel, NY, USA, pp 333-348.

Hasegawa P.M., Bressan R.A., Zhu J.-K. & Bohnert H.J. (2000). Plant cellular and molecular responses to high salinity. Annual Review of Plant Biology and Molecular Biology 51: 463-499.

Hashem A.R. (1995). The role of mycorrhizal infection in the tolerance of Vaccinium macrocarpon to iron. Mycorrhiza 5: 451-454.

Henry J.D. (2002). Canada’s boreal forest. Smithonian Natural History Series, Smithonian institution press, Washington, USA.

Herre E.A., Knowlton N., Mueller U.G. & Rehner S.A. (1999). The evolution of mutualism : exploring the paths between conflict and cooperation. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 14: 49-53.

Hetherington A.M. & Quatrano R.S. (1991). Mechanisms of action of abscisic acid at the cellular level. New Phytologist 119: 9-32.

Hodge A. (2004). The plastic plant: root responses to heterogeneous supplies of nutrients. New Phytologist 162: 9-24.

Horie T & Schroeder JI. (2004). Sodium transporters in plants. Diverse genes and physiological functions. Plant Physiology 136: 2457-2462.

Horton T.R. & Bruns T.D. (2001). The molecular revolution in ectomycorrhizal ecology: peeking into the black-box. Molecular Ecology 10: 1855-1871.

Hsiao T.C. & Xu L.-K. (2000). Sensitivity of growth of roots versus leaves to water stress: biophysical analysis and relation to water transport. Journal of Experimental Botany 51: 1595 - 1616.

Imo M. & Timmer V.R. (2001). Growth and nitrogen retranslocation of nutrient loaded Picea mariana seedlings planted on boreal mixedwood sites. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 31: 1357-1366.

Imo M. & Timmer V.R. (2002). Growth and nutritional interactions of nutrient-loaded black spruce seedlings with neighboring natural vegetation under greenhouse conditions. Forest Science 48: 77-84.

Itai C. (1999). Role of phytohormones in plant responses to stresses. In: Lerner H.R. (ed). Plant response to environmental stresses, from phytohormones to genome reorganization. Marcel Dekker Inc., Basel, NY, USA, pp 287-301.

Jakobsen I. & Rosendahl L. (1990). Carbon flow into soil and external hyphae from roots of mycorrhizal cucumber plants. New Phytologist 115 : 77-83.

Jennings D.H. (1983). Some aspect of the physiology and biochemistry of marine fungi. Biological Review 58: 423-459.

Jennings D.H. (1984). Polyol metabolism in fungi. Advances in microbial physiology 25: 149-193.

Jennings D.H. & Burke R.M. (1990). Compatible solute – The mycological dimension and their role as physiological buffering agents. New Phytologist 116: 277-283.

Jentschke G. & Goldbold D.L. (2000). Metal toxicity and ectomycorrhizas. Physiologia Plantarum 109: 107-116.

Johnson N.C., Graham J.H. & Smith F.A. (1997). Functioning of mycorrhizal associations along the mutualism-parasitism continuum. New Phytologist 135: 575-585.

Jonsson L.M., Nilsson M.-C., Wradle D.A. & Zackrisson O. (2001). Context dependent effects of ectomycorrhizal species richness on tree seedling productivity. Oikos 93: 353-364.

Jumpponen A. (1999). Spatial distribution of discrete RAPD phenotypes of a root endophytic fungus, Phialocephala fortinii, at a primary successional site on a glacier forefront. New Phytologist 141: 333-344.

Jumpponen A., Mattson K.G. & Trappe J.M. (1998). Mycorrhizal functioning of Phialocephala fortinii with Pinus contorta on glacier forefront soil: interactions with soil nitrogen and organic matter. Mycorrhiza 7: 261-265.

Jumpponen A. & Trappe J.M. (1998). Dark septate endophytes: A review of facultative biotrophic root-colonizing fungi. New Phytologist 140: 295-310.

Jumpponen A., Trappe J.M. & Cázares E. (2002). Occurrence of ectomycorrhizal fungi on the forefront of retreating Lyman glacier (Washington, USA) in relation to time since degradation. Mycorrhiza 12: 43-49.

Kalra Y.P. (1998). Handbook of reference methods for plant analysis. CRC Press LLC, Baco Raton, USA.

Kalra Y.P. & Maynard D.G. (1992). Methods manual for forest soil and plant analysis. Inf. Rep.NOR-X-319. Forestry Canada, Edmonton, AB, Canada.

Kårén O., Jonsson L., Jonsson M. & Ihrmark K. (1999). Cook-book for DNA extraction restriction Analysis (RFLP): Agarose Gel Electrophoresis, PCR, Sequencing. In : Kårén O. (Ph.D. Thesis). Effects of air pollution and forest regeneration methods on the community structure of ectomycorrhizal fungi. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Dept. of Forest Mycology and Pathology, Uppsala, Sweden.

Keren R. (2000). Salinity. In: Sumner M.E. (Ed). Handbook of Soil Science. CRC Press, NY, USA, pp G3-G25.

Kernaghan G., Hambling B., Fung M.Y.P. & Khasa D.P. (2002). In vitro selection of boreal ectomycorrhizal fungi for use in reclamation of saline-alkaline habitats. Restoration Ecology 10: 1-9.

Kernaghan G., Sigler L. & Khasa D. (2003). Mycorrhizal and root endophytic fungi of containerized Picea glauca seedlings assessed by rDNA sequence analysis. Microbial Ecology 45: 128-136.

Khasa D.P., Hambling B., Kernaghan G., Fung M. & Ngimbi E. (2002). Genetic variability in salt tolerance of selected boreal woody seedlings. Forest Ecology and Management 165: 257-269.

Kimmins J.P. (2004). Forest ecology, a foundation for sustainable forest management and environmental ethics in forestry. 3rd edn. Prentice Hall, NJ, USA.

Kleinschmidt R., Hentschke I. & Rothe G.M. (1998). Effect of season and soil treatments on carbohydrate concentrations in Norway spruce (Picea abies) mycorrhizae. Tree Physiology 18: 325-332.

Koch K. (2004). Sucrose metabolism: regulatory mechanisms and pivotal roles in sugar sensing and plant development. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 7: 235-246.

Kohl K.I. (1997). The effect of NaCl on growth, dry matter allocation and ion uptake in salt marsh and inland population of Armeria maritima. New Phytologist 135: 213-225.

Koske R.E. & Gemma J.N. (1989). A modified procedure for staining roots to detect VA mycorrhizas. Mycological Research 92: 486-488.

Kottke I. (1992). Ectomycorrhizas – Organs for uptake and filtering of cations. In: Read D.J., Lewis D.H., Fitter A.H. & Alexander I.J. (Eds). Mycorrhizas in ecosystems. CAB International, Wallingford, UK, pp 316-322.

Kozlowski T.T. (1997). Response of woody plants to flooding and salinity. Tree Physiology 1: 1-29.

Kramer P.J. & Boyer J.S. (1995). Water relations of plants and soils. Academic Press, London, UK.

Kropp B.R. & Langlois C.-G. (1990). Ectomycorrhizae in reforestation. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 20: 438-451.

Kropp B.R. & Mueller G.M. (1999). Laccaria. In: Cairney J.W.G. & Chambers S.M. (eds). Ectomycorrhizal fungi – Key genera in profile. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany, pp 65-88.

Lamhamedi M.S., Bernier P.Y. & Fortin J.A. (1992). Hydraulic conductance and soil water potential at the soil-root interface of Pinus pinaster seedlings inoculated with different dikaryons of Pisolithus sp. Tree Physiology 10: 231-244.

Larsen J.A. (1980). The boreal ecosystem. Academic Press, USA.

Last F.T., Dighton J. & Mason P.A. (1987). Successions of sheathing mycorrhizal fungi. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 2: 157-161.

Leake J.R. (2001). Is diversity of ectomycorrhizal fungi important for ecosystem function? New Phytologist 152: 1-8.

Lerner H.R. (1999). Introduction to the response of plants to environmental stresses. In: Lerner H.R. (ed). Plant response to environmental stresses, from phytohormones to genome reorganization. Marcel Dekker Inc., Basel, NY, USA, pp 1-26.

Levitt J. (1980). Response of plants to environmental stresses. Volume II. Water, radiation, salt and other stresses. 2nd edn. Academic Press, London, UK.

Levy G.J. (2000). Sodicity. In: Sumner M.E. (Ed). Handbook of Soil Science. CRC Press, NY, USA, pp G27-G62.

Lewis D.H. & Harley J.L. (1965). Carbohydrate physiology of mycorrhizal roots of beech. I. Identity of endogenous sugars and utilization of exogenous sugars. New Phytologist 64: 224-237.

Lewis D.H. & Smith D.C. (1967). Sugar alcohols (Polyols) in fungi and green plants. I. Distribution, physiology and metabolism. New Phytologist 66: 143-184.

Li X. & Fung M.Y.P. (1998). Creating soil-like materials for plant growth using tailings sand and fine tails. Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology 37: 44-47.

Lichtenthaler H.K. (1996). Vegetation stress: an introduction to the stress concept in plants. Journal of Plant Physiology 148: 4-14.

Luard E.J. (1985). Interaction of substrate C:N ratio and osmotic potential on growth and osmoregulation of four filamentous fungi. New Phytologist 101: 117-132.

Malajczuk N., Reddell P. & Brundrett M. (1994). Role of ectomycorrhizal fungi in mineland reclamation. In: Pfleger F.L. & Linderman R.G. (eds). Mycorrhizae and plant health. APS Press, St Paul, MN, USA, pp 83-100.

Mansour M.M.F. & Salama K.H.A. (2004). Cellular basis of salinity tolerance in plants. Environmental and Experimental Botany 52: 113-122.

Marcum K.B. & Murdoch C.L. (1992). Salt tolerance of the coastal salt marsh grass, Sporobolus virginicus (L.) Kunth. New Phytologist 120: 281-288.

Marschner H. & Dell B. (1994). Nutrient uptake in mycorrhizal symbiosis. Plant and Soil 159: 89-102.

Martin P.K. & Koebner R.M.K. (1995). Sodium and chloride ions contribute synergistically to salt toxicity in wheat. Biologia Plantarum 37: 265-271.

Marx D.H. (1969). The influence of ectotrophic mycorrhizal fungi on the resistance of fine roots to pathogenic infections. I. Antagonism of mycorrhizal fungi to root pathogenic fungi and soil bacteria. Phytopathology 59: 153-163.

Marx DH. (1991). The practical significance of ectomycorrhizae in forest establishment. In: The Marcus Wallemberg Foundation Symposia Proceedings 7. Ecophysiology of ectomycorrhizae of forest trees. Falun, Sweden, pp 54-90.

Maxwell K. & Johnson G.N. (2000). Chlorophyll fluorescence – a practical guide. Journal of Experimental Botany 51: 659-668.

Meyer F.H. (1973). Distribution of ectomycorrhizae in native and man-made forests. In: Marks G.C. & Kozlowski T.T. (eds). Ectomycorrhizae. Academic Press, NY, USA, pp 79-105.

Miller S.L., Durall D.M. & Rygiewicz P.T. (1989). Temporal allocation of 14 C to extrametrical hyphae of ectomycorrhizal ponderosa pine seedlings. Tree Physiology 5: 239-249.

Molina R., Massicotte H. & Trappe J.M. (1992). Specificity phenomena in mycorrhizal symbioses: community-ecological consequences and practical implications. In: Allen M.F. (ed). Mycorrhizal functioning: an integrative plant-fungal process. Chapman and Hall, NY, USA, pp 357-423.

Moyersoen B., Becker P. & Alexander I.J. (2001). Are ectomycorrhizas more abundant than arbuscular mycorrhizas in tropical health forests? New Phytologist 150: 591-599

Mulholland B.J., Taylor I.B., Jackson A.C. & Thompson A.J. (2003). Can ABA mediate responses of salinity stressed tomato. Environmental and Experimental Botany 50: 17-28.

Munns R. (1993). Physiological processes limiting plant growth in saline soils: some dogmas and hypotheses. Plant, Cell and Environment 16: 15-24.

Munns R. (2005). Genes and salt tolerance: bringing them together. New Phytologist 167: 645-663

Munns R. (2002). Comparative physiology of salt and water stress. Plant, Cell and Environment 25: 239-250.

Munns R. & Termaat A. (1986). Whole plant response to salinity. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 13: 143-160.

Mushin T.M. & Zwiazek J.J. (2002). Colonization with Hebeloma crustuliniforme increases water conductance and limits shoot sodium uptake in white spruce (Picea glauca) seedlings. Plant and Soil 238: 217-225.

Naidu R. & Rengasamy P. (1993). Ion interactions and constraints to plant nutrition in Australian sodic soils. Australian Journal of Soil Research 31: 801-819.

Neumann P. (1997). Salinity resistance and plant growth revisited. Plant, Cell and Environment 20: 1193-1198.

Niu X., Bressan R.A., Hasegawa P.M. & Pardo J.M. (1995). Ion homeostasis in NaCl stress environments. Plant Physiology 109: 735-742.

Niu D.K., Wang M.G. & Wang Y.F. (1997). Plant cellular osmotica. Acta Biotheoretica 45: 161-169.

Northup R.R., Yu Z., Dahlgren R.A. & Vogt K.A. (1995). Polyphenol control of nitrogen release from pine litter. Nature 377: 227-229.

Nylund J.E. & Wallander H. (1989). Effect of ectomycorrhiza on host growth and carbon balance in a semi-hydroponic cultivation system. New Phytologist 112: 389-398.

Orcutt D.M. & Nilsen E.T. (2000). Physiology of plants under stress. John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, NY, USA.

Ortega U., Dunabeitia M., Menendez S., Gonzalez-murua & Majada J. (2004). Effectiveness of mycorrhizal inoculation in the nursery on growth and water relations of Pinus radiate in different water regimes. Tree physiology 24: 65-73.

Papageorgiou G.C. & Murata N. (1995). The unusually strong stabilizing effects of glycine betaine on the structure and function of the oxygen-evolving photosystem II complex. Photosynthesis Research 44: 243-252.

Paquin R. & Lechasseur P. (1979). Observations sur une méthode de dosage de la proline libre dans les extraits des plantes. Canadian Journal of Botany 57: 1851-1854.

Perez-Moreno J. & Read D.J. (2000). Mobilization and transfer of nutrients from litter to tree seedlings via the vegetative mycelium of ectomycorrhizal plants. New Phytologist 145: 301-309.

Peterson R.L & Massicotte H.B. (2004). Exploring structural definitions of mycorrhizas, with emphasis on nutrient-exchange interfaces. Canadian Journal of Botany 82: 1074-1088.

Pfleger F.L., Stewart E.L. & Noyd R.K. (1994). Role of VAM fungi in mine land revegetation. In: Pfleger F.L. & Linderman R.G. (eds). Mycorrhizae and plant health. APS Press, St Paul, MN, USA, pp 47-81.

Pfeffer P.E., Bago B. & Shachar-Hill Y. (2001). Exploring mycorrhizal function with NMR spectroscopy. New Phytologist 150: 543-553.

Pfyffer G.E. & Rast D.M. (1988). The polyol pattern of fungi as influenced by the carbohydrate nutrient source. New Phytologist 109: 321-326.

Posas F., Chambers J.R., Heyman J.A., Hoeffler J.P., Nadal E. & Arino J. (2000). The transcriptional response of yeast to saline stress. Journal of Biology and Chemistry 275: 17249-17255.

Prescott L., Harley J.P. & Klein D.A. (1995). Microbiologie. De Boeck-Vesmael S.A., Bruxelles, Belgique.

Quoreschi A.M. & Timmer V.R. (1998). Exponential fertilization increases nutrient uptake and ectomycorrhizal development of black spruce seedlings. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 28: 674-682.

Read D.J. (1991). Mycorrhizas in ecosystems. Experientia 47: 376-391.

Read D.J. (1996). The structure and function of the ericoid mycorrhizal root. Annals of botany 77: 365-374.

Read D.J. & Kerley S. (1995). The status and function of ericoid mycorrhizal systems. In: Varma A. & Hock B. (eds). Mycorrhiza: structure, function, molecular biology and technology. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany, pp 499-520.

Read D.J., Leake J.R. & Perez-Moreno J. (2004). Mycorrhizal fungi as drivers of ecosystem processes in heathland and boreal forest biomes. Canadian Journal of Botany 82: 1243-1263.

Redfield E.B. & Zwiazek J.J. (2002). Drought tolerance characteristics of black spruce (Picea mariana) seedlings in relation to sodium sulfate and sodium chloride injury. Canadian Journal of Botany 80: 773-778.

Renault S., Croser C., Franklin J.A., Zwiazek J.J. & MacKinnon M. (2001). Effects of consolidated tailings water on red-osier dogwood (Cornus stolonifera Michx.) seedlings. Environmental Pollution 113: 27-33.

Renault S., Paton E., Nilsson G., Zwiazek J.J. & MacKinnon M.D. (1999). Responses of boreal plants to high salinity oil sands tailings water. Journal of Environmental Quality 28: 1957-1962.

Ritchie G.A. (1984). Assessing seedling quality. In: Duryea M.L. & Landis T.D. (eds.). Forest nursery manual: production of bareroot seedlings. Martinus Nilhoff/Dr. W. Junk Publishers, The Hague/Boston/Landcaster, Oregon state university, Corvallis, USA, www.rngr.net/Publications/fnm (consulté: mai 2005).

Roberts J.J. & Zwiazek J.J. (1999). Periodic chilling exposure during nursery culture. New Forests 18: 301-314.

Rohacek K. & Bartak M. (1999). Techniques of the modulated fluorescence: basic concepts, useful parameters, and some applications. Photosynthetica 37: 339-363.

Röhrig E. & Ulrich B. (1991). Ecosystems of the world 7, temperate deciduous forests. Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Ruess R.W., Hendrick R.L., Burton A.J., Pregitzer K.S., Svein-bjornsson B., Allen M.F. & Maurer G.E. (2003). Coupling fine root dynamics with ecosystem carbon cycling in black spruce forests of interior Alaska. Ecology Monograph 73: 643-662.

Sakakibara S.M., Jones M.D., Gillespie M., Hagerman S.M., Forrest M.E., Simard S.W. & Durall D.M. (2002). A comparison of ectomycorrhizal identification based on morphotyping and PCR-RFLP analysis. Mycological Research 106: 868-878.

Salifu K.F. & Timmer V.R. (2003). Nitrogen retranslocation response of young Picea mariana to nitrogen-15 supply. Soil Science Society of America Journal 67: 309-317.

Santarius, K.A. (1992). Freezing of isolated thylakoïd membranes in complex media. VIII. Differential cryoprotection by sucrose, proline and glycerol. Physiology Plantarum 84: 87-93.

Schützendübel A. & Polle A. (2002). Plant responses to abiotic stresses: heavy-metal-induced oxidative stress and protection by mycorrhization. Journal of Experimental Botany 53: 1351-1365.

Segner H. & Braunbeck T. (1998). Cellular response profile to chemical stress. In: Schüürmann G. & Market B. (eds). Ecotoxicology. Ecological fundamentals, chemical exposure, and biological effects. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., NY, USA, pp 520-569.

Selley R.C. (1985). Elements of petroleum geology. W.H. Freeman and company, NY, USA.

Selosse M.-A., Bauer R. & Moyersoen B. (2002). Basal hymenomycetes belonging to the Sebacinaceae are ectomycorrhizal in temperate deciduous trees. New Phytologist 155: 183-195.

Sénat du Canada. (1999). Réalités concurrentes : la forêt boréale en danger. Neuvième rapport du Sous-comité de la forêt boréale du Comité sénatorial permanent de l’agriculture et des forêts, environnement Canada, 36e Législature, 1re Session, www.parl.gc.ca/ (consulté: janvier 2005).

Shah S.H., Wainwright S.J. & Merrett M.J. (1990). The interaction of sodium and calcium chlorides and light on growth, potassium nutrition, and proline accumulation in callus cultures of Medicago sativa L. New Phytologist 116: 37-45.

Sharples J.M., Chambers S.M., Meharg A.A. & Cairney J.W.G. (2000). Genetic diversity of root-associated fungal endophytes from Calluna vulgaris at contrasting field sites. New Phytologist 148: 153-162.

Shen B., S. Hohmann Jensen R.G. & Bohnert H.J. (1999). Roles of sugar alcohols in osmotic stress adaptation. Replacement of glycerol by mannitol and sorbitol in yeast. Plant Physiology 121: 45-52.

Shen B., Jensen R.G. & Bohnert H.J. (1997). Mannitol protects against oxidation by hydroxyl radicals. Plant Physiology 115: 527-532.

Sigler L. & Flis A. (1998). University of Alberta Microfungus Collection and Herbarium catalogue of strains. 3rd edn. University of Alberta Microfungus Collection and Herbarium, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, www.devonian.ualberta.ca/uamh/ (consulté: février 2005).

Slavich P.G. & Petterson G.H. (1993). Estimating the electrical conductivity of saturated paste extracts from 1:5 soil:water suspensions and texture. Australian Journal of Soil Research 31: 73-81.

Smith S.E., Gianinazzi-Pearson V., Koide R. & Cairney J.W.G. (1994). Nutrient transport in mycorrhizas: structure, physiology and consequences for efficiency of the symbiosis. Plant and Soil 159: 103-113.

Smith S.E. & Read D.J. (1997). Mycorrhizal Symbiosis, 2nd edn. Academic Press, San Diego, CA, USA.

Söderstörm B. (1992). The ecological potential of the ectomycorrhizal mycelium In: Read D.J., Lewis D.H., Fitter A.H. & Alexander I.J. (Eds). Mycorrhizas in ecosystems. CAB International, Wallingford, UK, pp 77-83.

Söderström B., Finlay R.D. & Read D.J. (1988). The structure and function of the vegetative mycelium of ectomycorrhizal plants. IV. Qualitative analysis of carbohydrates contents of mycelium interconnecting host plants. New Phytologist 109: 163-166.

Souto C., Pellissier F. & Chiapusio G. (2000). Allelopathic effects of humus phenolics on growth and respiration of mycorrhizal fungi. Journal of Chemical Ecology 26: 2015-2023.

Steel R.G.D., Torrie J.H. & Dickey D.A. (1997). Principles and procedures of statistics, a biometrical approach. 3rd edn. McGraw-Hill series in probability and statistics, New York, NY, USA.

Sumner M.E. (1993). Sodic soils: New perspectives. Australian Journal of Soil Research 31: 683-750.

Sumner M.E., Rengasamy P. & Naidu R. (1998). Sodic soils: a reappraisal. In: Sumner M.E. & Naidu R. (eds). Sodic soils: distribution, properties, management and environmental consequences. Oxford University Press, NY, USA, pp 3-17.

Sun Y.-P., Unestam T., Lucas S.D., Johanson K.J., Kenne L. & Finlay R. (1999). Exudation-reabsorption in a mycorrhizal fungus, the dynamic interface for interaction with soil and soil microorganisms. Mycorrhiza 9: 137-144.

Sundblad L.-G., Andersson M., Geladi P., Salomonson A. & Sjöstrom M. (2001). Fast, nondestructive measurement of frost hardiness in conifer seedlings by VIS+NIR spectroscopy. Tree Physiology 21: 751-757.

Takagi H., Iwamoto F., Nakamori S. (1997). Isolation of freeze-tolerant laboratory strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae from proline-analogue-resistant mutant. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnoly 47: 405-411.

Tamm C.O. (1991). Nitrogen in terrestrial systems. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany.

Taylor C.B. (1996). Proline and water deficit: ups, downs, ins, and outs. Plant Cell 8: 1221-1224.

Thomas J.C., de Armond R.L. & Bohnert H.J. (1992). Influence of NaCl on growth, proline and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase levels in Mesembryanthemum crystallinum suspension cultures. Plant Physiology 98: 626-631.

Tibbett M., Sanders F.E. & Cairney J.W.G. (2002). Low-temperature-induced changes in trehalose, mannitol and arabitol associated with enhanced tolerance to freezing in ectomycorrhizal basidiomycetes (Hebeloma spp.). Mycorrhiza 12: 249-255.

Ting I.P. (1982). Plant Physiology. Addison-Wesly Publishing Company Inc., Reading, MA, USA.

Tinker P.B., Durall D.M. & Jones M.D. (1994). Carbon use efficiency in mycorrhizas: theory and sample calculations. New Phytologist 128: 115-122.

Trappe J.M. (1977). Selection of fungi for ectomycorrhizal inoculation in nurseries. Annual Review of Phytopathology 15: 203-222.

Tresner H.D. & Hayes J.A. (1971). Sodium chloride tolerance of terrestrial fungi. Applied Microbiology 22: 210-213.

Tyerman S.D. & Skerrett I.M. (1999). Root ion channels and salinity. Scientia Horticulturae 78: 175-235.

Unestam T. & Sun Y.-P. (1995). Extramatrical structures of hydrophobic and hydrophilic ectomycorrhizal fungi. Mycorrhiza 5: 301-311.

van Breugesem F., Vránova E, Dat J.F. & Inzé D. (2001). The role of active oxygen species in plant signal transduction. Plant Science 161: 405-414.

van der Driessche R. (1991). Influence of container nursery regimes on drought resistance of seedlings following planting. I. Survival and growth. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 21: 555-565.

van der Heijden M.G.A., Kliromonos J.N., Ursic M., Moutoglis P., Streitwolf-Engel R., Boller T., Wiemken A. & Sanders I.R. (1998). Mycorrhizal fungal diversity determines plant biodiversity, ecosystem variability and productivity. Nature 396: 69-72.

van Tichelen K.K., Coalpert J.V. & Vangronsveld J. (2001). Ectomycorrhizal protection of Pinus sylvestris against copper toxicity. New Phytologist 150: 203-213.

Vierheilig H., Coughlan A.P. & Piché Y. (1998). Ink and vinegar, a simple staining technique for arbuscular-mycorrhizal fungi. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 64: 5004-5007.

Visser S. (1995). Ectomycorrhizal fungal succession in jack pine stands following wildfire. New Phytologist 129:389-401.

Vogt K.A., Publicover D.A. & Vogt D.J. (1991). A critique of the role of ectomycorrhizas in forest ecology. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 35: 171-190.

Vorhees M.E. & Uresk D.W. (2004). Salt content determination for bentonite mine spoil:saturation extracts versus 1:5 extracts. USDA Forest Service RMRS-RN-18.

Vrålstad T., Fossheim T. & Schumacher T. (2000). Piceirhizia bicolorata – the ectomycorrhizal expression of the Hymenoscyphus ericae aggregate. New Phytologist 145: 549-563.

Vrålstad T., Schumacher T. & Taylor A.F.S. (2002). Mycorrhizal synthesis between fungal strains of the Hymenoscyphus ericae aggregate and potential ectomycorrhizal and ericoid hosts. New Phytologist 153: 143-152.

Vranová E., Inzé D. & van Breusegem F. (2002). Signal transduction during oxidative stress. Journal of Experimental Botany 53: 1227-1236.

Wedding R.T. & Harley J.L. (1976). Fungal polyol metabolites in the control of carbohydrate metabolism of mycorrhizal roots of beech. New Phytologist 77: 675-688.

White T.J., Bruns T., Lee S. & Taylor J. (1990). Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics. In: Innis M.A., Gelfand D.H., Sninsky J.J. & White T.J. (eds.). PCR protocols, a guide to methods and applications. Academic press, San diego, California, USA.

Wiemken A. (1990). Trehalose in yeast, stress protectant rather than reserve carbohydrate. Journal of General Microbiology 58: 209-217.

Wu B., Nara K. & Hogetsu T. (2002). Spatiotemporal transfer of carbon-14-labelled photosynthate from ectomycorrhizal Pinus densiflora seedlings to extraradical mycelia. Mycorrhiza 12: 83-88.

Xiong L., Schumaker K.S. & Zhu J.-K. (2002). Cell signaling during cold, drought, and salt stress. The Plant Cell Supplement 14: S165-S183.

Yeo A. (1998). Molecular biology of salt tolerance in the context of whole-plant physiology. Journal of Experimental Botany 49: 915-929.

Yeo A.R. (1983). Salinity resistance: physiologies and prices. Physiologia Plantarum 58: 214-222.

Zak J.C., Danielson R.M. & Parkinson D. (1982). Mycorrhizal fungal spore numbers and species occurrence in two amended mine spoils in Alberta, Canada. Mycologia 74: 785-792.

Zak J.C. & Parkinson D. (1982). Initial vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal development of slender wheatgrass on two amended mine spoils. Canadian Journal of Botany 60: 2241-2248.

Zak J.C. & Parkinson D. (1983). Effect of surface amendation on vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal development of slender wheatgrass: a 4-year study. Canadian Journal of Botany 61: 798-803.

Zhu J.-K. (2001). Plant salt tolerance. Trends in Plant Science 6: 66-71.

Zhu J.-K. (2002). Salt and drought stress signal transduction in plants. Annual Review of Plant Biology 53: 247-273.

Zwiazek J.J. & Blake T.J. (1989). Effect of preconditioning on subsequent water relations, stomatal sensitivity, and photosynthesis in osmotically stressed black spruce. Canadian Journal of Botany 67: 2240-2244.

© Gregory Bois, 2005